In 1781, General Sir John Burgoyne, famous to Americans for his role in the Revolutionary War, raised and equipped a Light Dragoon Regiment of the British Army and armed it with the blunderbuss. Having an extra 2 rounds in your shotgun’s magazine tube can make all the difference in the world. The first shotgun widely used in warfare was the blunderbuss, distinctive for its flaring muzzle. Shotguns have been used for hunting, self-protection, and recreation by generations of Americans. This weapon, often called the M97, is probably the weapon that most people think of when they envision a military shotgun, although it was only one model among many that would serve the American military over the years. The term "blunderbuss" is of Dutch origin, from the Dutch word donderbus, which is a combination of donder, meaning "thunder", and bus, meaning "Pipe" (Middle Dutch: busse, box, tube, from Late Latin, buxis, box,[2] from Ancient Greek pyxίs (πυξίς), box: esp. The blunderbuss is a firearm with a short, large caliber barrel which is flared at the muzzle and frequently throughout the entire bore, and used with shot and other projectiles of relevant quantity or caliber. Barrels were made of steel or brass. You can use an 8 or 4 gauge to hunt anything else. [4], The flared muzzle is the defining feature of the blunderbuss, differentiating it from large caliber carbines; the distinction between the blunderbuss and the musketoon is less distinct, as musketoons were also used to fire shot, and some had flared barrels. It is perhaps the quintessential utilitarian firearm, useful for hunting anything from squirrels and rabbits to birds and deer. 10 gauge is the limit for migratory waterfowl and other migratory game birds. Ahead of them, a line of Union soldiers started to form, bayonets gleaming. To fill the requirement, the Remington Model 10 was also adapted. When these same Americans went away to war, their experience with shotguns went with them. Their squirming and fluttering on the ground would fairly represent that scene in that blue line of soldiers.” As many Union soldiers dropped to the ground dead or wounded, the effect on the rest of the unit was electric. Keep yourself and your loved ones safe. The single- and double-barrel shotguns popularized in Western films saw occasional military use in the late 1800s and early 1900s, but this was most often because a soldier carried his own weapon rather than an Army-issued weapon. One Confederate veteran later wrote in his diary that the carnage reminded him of “a large covey of quail bunched on the ground and fired into with a load of birdshot. While shotguns appear in a wide variety of barrel lengths, actions, and designs, a typical military shotgun of the 20th century is a firearm that, rather than firing a single spinning bullet like a rifle, instead projects a number of small usually round projectiles called shot. The Americans poured buckshot into their opponents, leading one witness to recall: “The front ranks of the assault simply piled up on top of one awful heap of buckshot drilled men.”, © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. This, in effect, made every firearm on the battlefield a shotgun. K-4-10 10 GAUGE BLUNDERBUSS NOW AVAILABLE. The Union line presented a serious obstacle; the bayonets would impale horses and riders alike. Shot large enough for use against humans is referred to as buckshot and comes in several different sizes. [16] The blunderbuss did still have its civilian applications, however; the Lewis and Clark Expedition carried a number of blunderbusses, some of which were mounted and used as small swivel guns on the pirogues. The more slender barrel is 20” with the same large 2” flare makes a very stylish gun with very dramatic shape and a .775 bore. While regular shotguns have barrels of 30 inches or so in length, military weapons for frontline use have their barrels shortened to 18 or 20 inches to make them easier to … Their compact firepower proved to be just what was needed to clear enemy trenches, giving rise to the “trench gun” and “trench broom” nicknames. The CAWS round had eight OOO lead balls of 70gr (4.5gm) each at 1,600fps (488m/s) or 20 flechettes of 5.8gr (0.376gm) at 2,952fps (900m/s) and both were effective to at least 150m. [5][6][7] The muzzle (and often the bore) was flared with the intent not only to increase the spread of the shot, but also to funnel powder and shot into the weapon, making it easier to reload on horseback or on a moving carriage; modern experiments corroborated the dramatic improvement in shot spread, going from a 21 inch spread diameter from a straight barrel to an average of 38 inch spread at 10 yards. Luckily for his men and animals, the wily and fierce Confederate officer had something other than an outright charge in mind. Some states may have additional restrictions. [8], Blunderbusses were typically short, with barrels under 2 feet (61 cm) in length, at a time when a typical musket barrel was over 3 feet (91 cm) long. This early shotgun also served in contemporary navies, where its short-range firepower was effective in boarding actions. The 12-bore Belted round developed for the CAWS program gives us some idea of the possible performance of the Blunderbuss round. Every man who was still standing turned and fled, many leaving their own weapons lying on the field among the bodies of their fellow soldiers. Blunderbuss est le premier album solo de Jack White, sorti le 21 avril 2012 à partir de son propre label Third Man Records, en association avec XL Recordings et Columbia Records.L'album a été entièrement composé, enregistré et produit par Jack White lui-même en 2011. Quickly, the bluecoat infantry formed its ranks and prepared to fight off the enemy cavalry, which had taken them almost unaware. Americans also took them along when war broke out between the United States and Mexico in 1846. Most commonly used are pump-action and semi-automatic types commonly called riot or trench guns. Military shotguns soon followed. As commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in World War I, Pershing was determined to break the deadly stalemate in which the warring European nations had been locked since 1914. The shotguns in the Philippines were effective, as at least one officer who served there, John “Blackjack” Pershing, remembered when the United States embarked on its next major war. Shotguns found use in the Texas War of Independence, where Colonel William Barrett Travis carried one at the Alamo. Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, "Pirate Blunderbuss; A Blunt and Intimidating Weapon", Paris Declaration Respecting Maritime Law, Jim Hawkins and the Curse of Treasure Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blunderbuss&oldid=985049718, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with failed verification from January 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 17:21.