<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> And we have to understand that in order to escape from it. [2] Alexander’s exact quote, at about an hour and thirty-five minutes: “The system of mass incarceration has grown, and sprawled and developed an appetite that is gobbling up people in communities of all colors. These three factual issues gloss over that arrest rates have dropped enormously, that incarcerated populations have slightly declined, and that incarceration has gotten more Hispanic and/or White — three of the more important current trends in incarceration. Think about that. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 10 0 obj 11 0 obj It might mention that New York’s state prison incarceration rate peaked nearly twenty years ago — a decline driven in part by enormous reductions in New York City drug admissions — or that Miami-Dade county has 13% of Florida’s population but committed just 8% of its state inmates in FY 2014–2015. R���qxX_D�U�A@TTdY^��]`vvy,� �`�VG�IjlS�6ձ��дft��Q;S3�]��\h��t���9�����}��ȸ�y�L&K�N��ږ�.�K�? Viewers grasp the larger, more potent implications of her argument as she recounts recent police killings of black people, showing that racism and criminalisation is systematic, highly profitable, and deeply entrenched in the nucleus of American political discourse, and indeed, in the US Constitution itself. Criminal. I’ll repeat myself: Racial disparities have been and remain enormous. endobj Change ), Aim higher: protecting Scotland’s prison education in an age of austerity. 0000017709 00000 n endobj Some of these mistakes happen to hide things that would complicate the story “13th” is trying to tell. 2018-04-25T00:20:39-07:00 ( Log Out /  Again, none of those things exactly contradicts the theme of “13th”, but admitting them might have required a more nuanced and complicated film. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. A Paper Edit – A detailed accounting of visuals along with the precise soundbites that will accompany them whic… ( Log Out /  <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> —Van Jones. Note: I changed the title from “Ava DuVernay’s “13th” And Documentary As Advocacy: Some Factual Issues.” on 10/12/2016 at 2:42 pm. It might just be a visual typo, but I think that the effect is considerably misleading, and that an accurate graph might sit uneasily with quotes like Davis’. An hour and twenty minutes into “13th”, they make a familiar point about racial disparity: onscreen graphics say that Black men are 6.5% of the population but 40.2% of the prison population. “13th” itself has people discussing a policy shift away from incarceration later in the documentary, albeit in a sometimes conspiratorial way (at about an hour and 19 minutes in, Angela Davis says “historically, when one looks at efforts to create reforms, they inevitably lead to more repression”…inevitably?). 0000008801 00000 n 49 0 obj Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. FILM THEMES Whose life do we recognize as being valuable? �4�tT��M+��t�1�����u:�$��sa,��������;�}2Ȉ�����#,ہv\��ʂYQ�i�ӊ��bp=8��������Y���%�p�$��v#F��"�+R��>(��K�XoW�ڇ���b��|�P�׆�[ʻ�1)��y�i �1�|$�IE��O���k�`?3V����[�~k0y��ev}2���ч�ސ^X��4��~��$���V��;��e�B(h%:w�{��������d�s�T��|���~��0�,xEWp�U�íO������SκH�A�= �6vL�i� The Power of the Documentary: Examining the Effectiveness of Ava DuVernay’s 13th 0000142964 00000 n Best known for his work an editor on critically acclaimed films Middle of Nowhere (2012), Selma (2014) and for producing 2016 acclaimed documentary 13th for which he received Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature nominations at 89th Academy Awards, that he shared with director Ava … Section 2. Section 1. <> Go over to the part that says “incarcerated”. Correct statistics and representative examples would still show inequality, but they would probably underline the weakness of the central metaphor: Slavery and Jim Crow were not simply racially disparate, they were more like racially absolute. But an honest and relevant look at the criminal justice system in 2014 might tell that story along with the stories of strongly punitive, often mostly White and rural counties (which themselves can be even more enormously punitive to their few minorities). To keep repeating that Black men are 40.2% of the prison population, year after year, is to miss one of the biggest demographic trends in incarceration: It is getting less Black and more White and/or more Hispanic (depending on how you account for changing demographics in the total population), more rural and less urban, even as racial disparities remain enormous: As for the racial trends: The White male state/federal prison incarceration rate per 100,000 rose from 449 in 2000 to 465 in 2014 as the White female rate rose from 34 to 53; the Black male state/federal prison incarceration rate dropped from 3457 to 2724 as the Black female rate dropped from 205 to 109. Super predator. 0000003242 00000 n endobj 0000036459 00000 n The United States is home to 5% of the world's population. In fact larger numbers have probably been true at some point: African-Americans were around 45% of the prison/jail population in 2000. 2. By 1998 — just a few years after the crime bill — there were fewer arrests than in 1994 when it was signed, and arrests have dropped further over time. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> The “slavery rate” of 1860 wasn’t just much higher for African-Americans than for Whites; 89% of African-Americans were slaves compared to 0% of Whites. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Of course, that is still a very disproportionate number. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Think about the power of media and the power of words. but 25% of the According to the documentary, President Clinton built the infrastructure for mass incarceration: mandatory minimums (taking the discretion away from judges), militarization of police (SWAT teams), three-strikes law, and truth-in-sentencing laws (must serve 85% of sentence). Stories and reflections from staff and students of the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research. 5 0 obj Change ). Were you aware of the Prison Industrial Complex and how corporations are profiting from incarceration? PRISONERS FOR PROFIT. And frankly that graph is a generous one to use. A Split Script – A side-by-side two column format with one side telling what the audience will see and the other side detailing what the audience will hear at the same time 3. The title refers to the 13th Amendment of the US Constitution, which outlaws slavery, “except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted”. }|�97�h�0�� �ʐD��乢�@���&Wް� �i�G,��b�D)����Y�N�&�t�� ��2C@4�^x�q�]�7/�� �����~�'�BFK���)�]�ѥ}]� � �Ӡ��]9�捉���#�?�����t���R��+�)�Q���{|�>L~ƪI���6�f����8x>�����Ũ��R1�^3�ˠc����������o�#pr` PE�&�_��-�*쎓|'�ƞ2M,xNs |������ }*�"�fh �*H�c\̮y��k0�c?�¯��Cn�S�Q����Ƅ�L;��m�� �j��9ss��"%��Ф��`��)y��8�qr�k@��"ōx_�H���� �1� "w|�f�� ���YA���p�t��?�e/U����0FXݥ��]��a�=J����, The Power of the Documentary: Examining the Effectiveness of Ava DuVernay’s 13th. endobj 0000001189 00000 n As of 2015 or 2016, Arkansas state prisons are 54% White, Oklahoma state prisons are 54.5% White, Tennessee state prisons are 55.3% White, Kentucky state prisons are 76% White. She argues that the “mythology of black criminality” has long been used by politicians for campaigning power and shows how this has been exploited by the corporate ambitions of the prison system. Yet here we are all together, the products of that set of choices. I don’t know if it was true for 2008 but it has probably been true at some point. Is Wikipedia’s wrong? ( Log Out /  but 25% of the 0000020726 00000 n (The Hispanic male state/federal incarceration rate actually dropped from 1220 to 1091 while the Hispanic female state/federal incarceration rate rose slightly from 60 to 64, but Hispanics generally seem to have risen as a share of the incarcerated — Whites may not have — and there was more absolute growth in Hispanic state/federal prisoners than in White state/federal prisoners.) 0000010223 00000 n If we are black, we are the products of the history that our ancestors most likely did not choose. With Melina Abdullah, Michelle Alexander, Cory Booker, Dolores Canales. DuVernay’s Netflix documentary is a cinematic outcry laying bare the core and soul of the United States. The United States is home to 5% of the world's population. Unfortunately, despite a lot of compelling primary source videos and some more original topics after the usual litany, I noticed a few statistics that are misleading, unclear, or incorrect. Note: I changed the title from “Ava DuVernay’s “13th” And Documentary As Advocacy: Some Factual Issues.” on 10/12/2016 at 2:42 pm. Source. 15 0 obj What is your take on this argument? This is a rush transcript. It’s trying to argue that incarceration is part of a never-ending system of racial and social control. —Former President Barack Obama Our justice system is a human rights catastrophe and one of the biggest moral crises of our time.