In 1711, along with Irish writer and politician, Richard Steele, he co-founded the daily publication, ‘The Spectator’. Caesar was esteemed for the many kind services he rendered and for his lavish generosity; Cato for the consistent uprightness of his life. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). London, 1997. ." . Johnson’s friend and admirer, Goldsmith, was made of the stuff which enters into the composition of a true essayist. New York, 1995. There are several grounds for such a claim. Novelty includes what is new or unfamiliar to the viewer, as a fresh meadow in spring may be, as well as what continually changes its appearance, for example, a waterfall. The English essayist and politician Joseph Addison (1672-1719) founded the "Spectator" periodical with Sir Richard Steele. Stoics believed that self-mastery and therefore true freedom could be attained only by putting aside passion, unjust thoughts, and indulgence and by fulfilling one’s duty for the right reasons. In April 1709, his childhood friend Richard Steele started the Tatler. The Essays of Bacon, but was published in journals and magazines which appeared “periodically’, i.e., after fixed intervals of time. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/addison-joseph. ADDISON, JOSEPH (1672–1719), English poet, essayist, and critic. But, after full inquiry and impartial reflection, we have long been convinced that he deserved as much love and esteem as can be justly claimed by any of our infirm and erring race. Such pleasures may be produced by mere spontaneous imaginings, or by representational artifacts, such as sculptures, paintings, some pieces of music, and descriptions. 16 Oct. 2020 . The Spectator, which appeared six days a week, from March 1, 1711, to December 6, 1712, offered a wide range of material to its readers, from discussion of the latest fashions to serious disquisitions on criticism and morality, including Addison’s weekly papers on John Milton’s Paradise Lost and the series on the “pleasures of the imagination.” From the start, Addison was the leading spirit in The Spectator’s publication, contributing 274 numbers in all. Joseph Addison (1 May 1672 – 17 June 1719) was an English essayist, poet, playwright and politician. In 1713, his tragedy Cato ran for thirty nights at Drury Lane Theatre. Cato’s concern for Roman liberty led him to oppose Pompey when he feared Pompey’s power had grown too great, then to join with Pompey against Julius Caesar once he began to appreciate the threat to Roman liberty that Caesar represented. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. He was soon appointed secretary to the new Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Wharton. ), also known as Cato of Utica. Encyclopedia.com. In “Of Essay-Writing” Hume writes that he considers himself to be a “a kind of Resident or Ambassador from the dominions of Learning to those of Conversations.” Adam Smith took up Addison’s notion of the dispassionate and moderate spectator, formalizing it as the impartial spectator that forms the cornerstone of the moral philosophy he developed in Theory of Moral Sentiments. "On the Origins of 'Aesthetic Disinterestedness.'" Lord Chesterfield’s Letter to His Son has a universal interest and so has become immortal. For the Spectators, we have used Donald Bond’s 1965 edition of The Spectator published by Oxford University Press, which is recognized as the definitive scholarly edition. ]Plutarch, Life of Cato the Younger, vol. The Freeholder. ——. . Thus, for all the concerns and assumptions that Addison shares with subsequent writers on taste and the fine arts, the scope of his inquiry is distinctively his own. It was Stepney who formally took possession of the principality of Mindelheim in the Duke's name on 26 May, after the Battle of Ramillies. A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. Full site Christine Dunn Henderson and Mark E. Yellin. In 1710, he represented Malmesbury, in his home county of Wiltshire, holding the seat until his death in 1719. These accounts for the lack of popularity of the Rambler, and it could not survive for long. Voltaire’s Letters on the English reveals his admiration of Cato as “a masterpiece, both with regard to the diction and to the beauty and the harmony of the numbers,” and he states that “Mr. "The Concept of Disinterestedness in Eighteenth-Century British Aesthetics." GENRE: Drama, fiction, poetry Emeritus Professor of English, University of Chicago, 1952–67. Joseph Addison, English essayist, poet, and dramatist, who, with Richard Steele, was a leading contributor to and guiding spirit of the periodicals The Tatler and The Spectator. He met Jonathan Swift in Ireland and remained there for a year. Addison’s post was in effect that of secretary of state for Irish affairs, with a revenue of some £2,000 a year. with Illustrative Extracts from the Rarer Periodiclas. Like his great-grandfather, Cato the Younger epitomized a commitment both to liberty and to the republic, and he came to exemplify virtue in late Roman republican politics. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison. In 1709, Irish writer and politician, Richard Steele came out with the British journal, 'Tatler'. One example of the contrast between Cato’s severity, austerity, and self-restraint and Caesar’s humanity, mercy, and generosity was the Catilinarian conspiracy. The former was renowned for his humanity and mercy; the latter had earned respect by his strict austerity. Later, he helped form the Kitcat Club and renewed his friendship with Richard Steele. The first of the periodicals devoted largely to literary criticism was Ralph Griffith’s Monthly Review {1749-1845). Encyclopedia.com. Rind, Miles "Addison, Joseph (1672–1719) These reviews are the fore-runners of the literary reviews of the 19th century. Addison quickly rose through the Whig political ranks, holding government positions including the position of Commissioner of Appeals (recently vacated by John Locke), Under-Secretary of State, Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Chief Secretary for Ireland, and eventually Member of Parliament for Malmesbury. In 1693, he graduated from Magdalen College and that year he addressed a poem to John Dryden, an English poet and literary critic. 1897; trans. His style lacks the boldness of the aristocratic manner, and it escapes the tendency of his generation to follow Johnson into excessive heaviness of diction and balanced formality and of sentence structure. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Therefore, it is also called the Social Essay. FINCHER, MAX "Addison, Joseph (1672–1719)