[2] Congress enacted a revised Municipal Bankruptcy Act in 1937, which was upheld by the Supreme Court. Recall that Arthur declares, "My life is hers, and I would give the last drop of blood in my body for her." However, Dr. Van Helsing insists that a telegram be sent to him every day in Amsterdam letting him know about Lucy's condition. The American Horror Film and the Influence of German Expressionism. In his diary, Dr. Seward notes that Renfield is often becoming violent at the stroke of noon and that he often howls like a wolf, disturbing the other patients. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Constant emphasis is given to the two small wounds on her neck, and the reader must assume, although the author does not state it, that the expansion of the wounds and the decline of Lucy's health is a result of the vampire's repeated bloodsucking. Jonathan Harker's journal ended on the 30th of June, and it is still with him in the hospital, sealed and to be opened and transcribed later by Mina. There's Papá, Mamá, Francisco's older bro Roberto, and his younger bro Trampita. Again they examine the little punctures in her throat; the wounds now have a "ragged, exhausted appearance at their edges.". bookmarked pages associated with this title. The Circuit Summary. Johnny is assigned to spy on Colonel Smith and the other officers who live at the Afric Queen. Case no. On July 18, 2013, Detroit, Michigan became the largest city in the history of the United States to file for Chapter 9 bankruptcy protection. Rhode Island's receivership law was rewritten to allow the receiver the ability to file a petition for Chapter 9 federal bankruptcy and Central Falls has done that.[54]. 798 (1934). [7] During the Great Depression, this approach proved impossible, so in 1934, the Bankruptcy Act was amended to extend to municipalities. [2] Although Congress attempted to draft the legislation so as not to interfere with the sovereign powers of the states guaranteed by the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution, the Supreme Court held the 1934 Act unconstitutional as an improper interference with the sovereignty of the states. Shmoopsters, we'd like you to meet Francisco and his family. L. No. Watson visits Mrs Forrester and Miss Morstan to update them on the case. from your Reading List will also remove any 304 U.S. 27 (1938)(holding the Municipal Corporation Bankruptcy Act constitutional under both the Fifth and the Tenth Amendments). He recalls the conversation of the evening before, when Lucy told him she did not like to go to sleep because "all that weakness comes to me in sleep." [20] In 23 states, Chapter 9 authorization laws are either unclear or otherwise prohibited for municipalities. The term 'municipality' denotes "a political subdivision or public agency or instrumentality of a State," but does not include a state itself. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. He asks for more sugar, which Dr. Seward promises to get for him. Court for the Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit Div.). Because municipalities are entities of State governments, the power of the bankruptcy court is limited to some extent by the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The attendant follows him to Carfax, where he is again pressed against the old chapel door. [2] Although Congress attempted to draft the legislation so as not to interfere with the sovereign powers of the states guaranteed by the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution, the Supreme Court held the 1934 Act unconstitutional as an improper interference with the sovereignty of the states. This has happened for three nights; now, Seward plans to arrange a way for Renfield to escape so that they can follow him. Removing #book# Lucy complains of difficulty in breathing, lethargic sleep, and dreams that frighten her. Visiting Renfield at sunset, he witnesses Renfield trying "to grab the sun" just as it sinks; then Renfield sinks to the floor. [6], Previous to the creation of Chapter 9 bankruptcy, the only remedy when a municipality was unable to pay its creditors was for the creditors to pursue an action of mandamus, and compel the municipality to raise taxes. In his diary, Dr. Seward says that when Van Helsing arrived he was admonished to keep everything about this case a secret until they are certain about what is going on. Your free preview of York Notes Plus+ 'The Sign of the Four (Grades 9–1)' has expired. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Observing Lucy's condition, Van Helsing frantically realizes that she must be given an immediate blood transfusion or she will die. Sister Agatha, who has attended him, has told Mina that he raved and ranted about dreadful and unspeakable things, so dreadful that she often had "to cross herself." In re City of Vallejo, 08-26813-A-9 (E. Dist. The doctor is a profound philosopher, a metaphysician, and one of the most advanced scientists of his day. Immediately, they realized that another transfusion would be essential. He has more sugar now and is reaping quite a harvest of flies, keeping them in a box as he did earlier. At midnight, Dr. Seward records another change in the patient. Other Resources. Here, the supply route for the Allies beginning in Burma and extending far into China, where American and Chinese troops fought the Japanese. 1855 Manhattan, looking southward from 42nd Street. The same thing is happening when Dr. Seward gives his blood to his beloved Lucy, and finally, in future chapters, Van Helsing, who has learned to love Lucy as a daughter, will gladly give his blood to save her. Dr. Seward sends telegrams on the 4th, 5th, and 6th of September to Dr. Van Helsing, the final one being a desperate plea for Dr. Van Helsing to visit Lucy, for her condition has become much worse. There is Renfield, who howls at noon (Dracula's powers are weakest then), yet Renfield is calm at sunset. After awhile, the transfusion restores color to Lucy's face, while Arthur, meanwhile, grows paler and paler. After reading her friend's letter, Lucy sends Mina a letter of congratulations, telling her that she herself is feeling quite healthy. USAtoday, July 22, 2013, Page B1, "Detroit woes rattle muni bond market" by Matt Krantz. Arthur Holmwood writes to Dr. Seward on the 31st of August, asking him to visit Lucy and examine her. Chapters 7-8. This was addressed with the classification of these bonds as "special revenues" under the newly minted § 928(a) and § 922(d) exemption of special revenues from the automatic stay provisions of § 362.[14]. Van Helsing reminds Seward that nothing is to be said of this. Privacy Policy. Chapter 9: A break in the chain Summary. Exited bankruptcy December 11, 2014. I have more to think of now.". Then, the next day, he telegrams Dr. Seward to inform him that he has been called to his father's bedside, where he wants Dr. Seward to contact him. 298 U.S. 513, 56 S. Ct. 892, 80 L. Ed. When she awoke in the morning, she was pale, and her throat pained her severely. Chapter 11),[15] Chapter 9 has a number of unique characteristics. Van Helsing places other bits of garlic around the room, and when they leave he tells Dr. Seward that he will be able to sleep peacefully tonight since all is well. [23] The last U.S. state default took place in 1933, when Arkansas defaulted on its bonds. [21][22], Neither Chapter 9 nor any other part of U.S. bankruptcy law allows a state to file for bankruptcy, although states have defaulted on their obligations. They found her — horribly white, with shrunken gums, lips pale and blue, and looking as though she were a corpse. Plot Summaries. He opens it, hands Lucy the contents, and instructs Lucy to wear the flowers around her neck: Lucy, recognizing that "the flowers" are common garlic, thinks that he is joking. Section 109(c) of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code provides that a municipality may be a debtor in a Chapter 9 bankruptcy case only if the municipality is specifically authorized to be a debtor by State law, or by a governmental officer or organization empowered by State law to authorize the municipality to be a debtor. Later, the same day, he seems very contented, "catching flies and eating them." [3] As of June 2012 the total was around 640. Illinois, for example, only grants Chapter 9 authorization to the Illinois Power Agency. Lucy Westenra, (on the 24th of August) records in her diary that she has been dreaming, as she did earlier at Whitby (she is now at Hillingham, another of the houses which her family owns). Summary. 20, No.3, Article 4 (2011). Privacy Policy. [27] Opponents, including representatives of the National Governors Association, say that amending the law to allow states to seek bankruptcy protection could create doubts in the municipal bond market. LIBRARY. The first municipal bankruptcy legislation was enacted in 1934 during the Great Depression. Later, Van Helsing asks Seward what he thinks about the marks. vein . Upon following his gaze, Seward can see nothing, however, but an exceptionally large bat. Chapter 9, Title 11, United States Code is a chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code, available exclusively to municipalities and assisting them in the restructuring of their debt. In a letter of response, Dr. Van Helsing tells Dr. Seward that his affairs will allow him to come immediately, and that he is happy to do Dr. Seward a favor since Dr. Seward once saved his life. Van Helsing tells her that he is not joking; he says that the garlic is a special garlic, coming all the way from Haarlem (a town in Holland). Holmes spends the night pacing his room, anxious about the lack of progress in the search for the steam launch. Previous He is only a shadow of his former self, and he remembers very little of what has happened to him; he suffered a terrible shock, and his brain has a mental block against whatever caused his present condition. The law has been amended several times since 1937. [16], Municipalities' ability to re-write collective bargaining agreements is much greater than in a corporate Chapter 11 bankruptcy[17] and can trump state labor protections,[18] allowing cities to renegotiate unsustainable pension or other benefits packages negotiated in flush times.[19]. He does not speak to anyone, even when he is offered a kitten or a full grown cat as a pet. Some examples of health care district Chapter 9 bankruptcies are: Chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code, Parts of this article (those related to the number of Chapter 9 bankruptcies filed since 2011) need to be, Authorization for filing of municipal bankruptcies, Hospital and health care district Chapter 9 bankruptcies, Other entities that declared Chapter 9 bankruptcy, Chapter 9 bankruptcy petitions that were filed but voluntarily dismissed, Petitions for Chapter 9 relief that were denied, Notable defaults that did not result in Chapter 9 bankruptcy, Notable bankruptcies that were declared ineligible for Chapter 9 bankruptcy. As they examine the wounds, they notice that they occur "just over the external jugular. In the foreground is the Croton Distributing Reservoir and the Crystal Palace built for the 1853 Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations. Pub. Chapter 9 incorporates the provisions of numerous sections from other chapters of the Bankruptcy Code. RESOURCES. In addition to focusing on bloodsucking, these chapters include other examples of the Vampire-Gothic tradition. A hospital or health care district is a governmental entity, generally with taxing authority, that owns and operates medical facilities. On July 18, 2013, Detroit, Michigan became the largest city in the history of the United States to file for Chapter 9 bankruptcy protection. [13] The changes made in 1976 were adopted nearly identically in the modern 1978 Bankruptcy Code as Chapter 9. Mina notices a notebook and wonders if she could look through it for some clue as to what happened; Jonathan tells her that he has had brain fever, and he thinks that the cause of the brain fever might be recorded in the notebook. Seward cannot tell Lucy's mother about the problem because of the old woman's heart condition. Needless to say, they've got big dreams for what lies ahead. [23][25][26] Proponents say that an orderly bankruptcy is a better solution than the two alternatives: (1) defaults, which are violations of debt obligations outside of the bankruptcy process), and (2) bailouts by the federal government.