29–41 [Hebrew]. Maybe the issue is with your timeline on Shallum. 22:24–30): This prophecy ends with a final declaration: Thus, Jeremiah believes that Jehoiachin will be utterly rejected.[19]. 3:17–19): Indeed, the prophet Haggai in particular appears to have held out high hopes for Zerubbabel in a passage dated to Darius’s second year (Hag. group didn't actually manage to take Judah during Jehoiakim's life they were mistakes. would explain the discrepancy between 2 Ch 36:9 and 2 Ki 24:8 where he is cited The texts can also be accessed on the Wikipedia entry for “Jehoiachin’s Rations Tablets.”. It appears that had lasted about three years, and now the king of Babylon will have Jehoiakim serve him three years. evil in the sight of the Lord (2 Ki 23:37). 592. In one sense this happened, in another God showed his sovereignty. It specifically says firstborn, second, third, and fourth. It seems safe to say, however, that both Jeremiah and Ezekiel viewed the best hope for a reconstituted Israel as emerging from those Judeans who were exiled with Jehoiachin (see in particular Jeremiah 24 and Ezekiel 11:16–20). However, the widespread beliefs that the Jerusalem temple was immune from destruction and that the Israelite God could not be worshiped properly in a foreign land certainly contributed to the prevailing orthodoxy that both Jeremiah and Ezekiel labored so hard to counteract. Was it Zedekiah, son of Josiah? See J. Applegate, “The Fate of Zedekiah: Redactional Debate in the Book of Jeremiah,” Vetus Testamentum 48 (1998), pp. As part of this manoeuvre Pharaoh changed Jehoiakim's ultimate downfall came because he chose to rebel against Babylon. Discussion in 'Christian Apologetics' started by Nihilist Virus, Nov 2, 2018. Zedekiah was 21 years old when he began to reign. His name means, 'Nebo protect the crown', although he self-styled A different Shallum was king of Israel for a time (not Judah). He reigned after the death of his father for a period of three months. deportations hinged almost entirely upon the actions and attitudes of three men Jehoahaz We have an unusual dilemma in the choice of Josiah’s son by the people. He captured Jehoiachin in the eighth year of his rule. Well it was pulling teeth just to get you to read what I had to say, so I'm not going to bother with something else. You will need to register to be able to join in fellowship with Christians all over the world. From a biblical perspective they both made This modest but meaningful achievement is symbolic of the enduring resilience of the people of Israel. Jehoiachin was the Lord)[4] [11] We do not know if the Babylonian practice of recognizing two kings of Judah was intended to have a “divide and conquer” effect, or if it was designed to impress upon Zekediah—the king of Nebuchadrezzar’s own choice, as the Babylonian Chronicle puts it—that he was essentially ruling on probation. The first 37 he Here's the Hebrew text: וּבְנֵי֙ יֹאשִׁיָּ֔הוּ הַבְּכוֹר֙ יוֹחָנָ֔ן הַשֵּׁנִ֖י יְהוֹיָקִ֑ים הַשְּׁלִשִׁי֙ צִדְקִיָּ֔הוּ הָרְבִיעִ֖י שַׁלּֽוּם׃, (You must log in or sign up to reply here. 22:24 that God will remove Coniah (Jehoiachin) even if Coniah were to be a signet on God’s right hand (חותם על-יד ימיני). It may look like bad luck, Eliakim's name to Jehoiakim (avenging, establishing or resurrection of the script>, The Valley of Dry Bones and the Resurrection of the Dead, The Ancient Judean Holiday: Yom Nicanor - 13th of Adar. that ever lived -- at least from a biblical perspective[13]. Jeremiah (22:18-19, 36:30) are suggestive. possible that he was co-regent with his father for a decade before that, this Yet these was sympathetic towards the Babylonians[3], ), at which time Hittite elements migrated southward into Syria. [15] This orthodoxy suggested, quite simply, that exile of a particular group suggested Divine disfavor with them. 313–317 [Hebrew]. behold, in Matthew 1:11 Jehoiachin appears again in the ancestry of the Lord Necho deposed Jehoiakim's younger brother Jehoahaz after a reign of only three months and took him to Egypt, where he died.Jehoiakim ruled originally as a vassal of the Egyptians, paying a heavy tribute. He came to the throne in his 25th year (610BC) after Shallum, who obtained his riches by unfairly treating the poor. 2, p. 564 [Hebrew]. We rely on the support of readers like you. Print by  Jan Luyken  1700. 78–97, and in succinct form C. J. Jehoiachin king of Judah bows in thanks to the Babylonian king Evil-merodach son of Nebuchadrezzar, for giving him amnesty. The Bible woefully summarizes the situation with he did that which is Does Rashi's Torah Commentary Respond to Christianity? At the same time, there can be no doubt that certain of Jehoiachin’s descendants, with Zerubbabel being chief among them, did in fact merit to return to the land of their forefathers. This hopeful message emerges from the conclusion of the parable of the two eagles in Ezekiel chapter 17. This he did and spent the rest of his life in exile in Babylon. The body is then almost ceremonially mistreated. M. Cogan; Jerusalem: The Bialik Institute and the Israel Exploration Society, 2006), pp. degree of sovereignty provided they would become a subservient part of his Of course, whilst Ultimately, however, God himself promises to take a tender twig from the tip of the cedar’s crown and replant it on the mountains of Israel (Ezek. spent in imprisonment before being liberated by Evil-merodach who gave are unlikely to have to withstand, or provoke a siege. An exception can be made for music videos.". Sharp, Prophecy and Ideology in Jeremiah: Struggles for Authority in the Deutero-Jeremianic Prose (London and New York: T & T Clark, 2003), pp. was acting on his own initiative it was actually God moving, against the kings [19] Another prophecy in Jeremiah 13:18 lamenting the fate of the king and the queen mother is also taken by some interpreters to refer to Jehoiachin, since Jehoiachin’s mother is specifically mentioned as having been exiled together with him (2 Kgs 24:12). Let me know when you take the time to read what I said. Ironically, Jehoiachin’s release is said to have taken place in the twelfth month (i.e. [2] For a detailed discussion of Babylonian-Judean relations during the reign of Jehoiakim, see O. Lipschits, The Fall and Rise of Jerusalem: Judah Under Babylonian Rule (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2005), pp. window.location.replace(""); Thus, the capture of Jerusalem occurred in the last month of this regnal year. Dr. David Glatt-Gilad is a senior lecturer in the Department of Bible, Archaeology, and the Ancient Near East at Ben-Gurion University. Jehoiachin’s father, Jehoiakim, had incurred the wrath of the Babylonian king Nebuchadrezzar[1] by continually shifting his loyalties between Babylonia and Egypt. in facing the most successful king of the era. [7] The following translation is taken from F. Vukosavović, By the Rivers of Babylon: The Story of the Babylonian Exile(Jerusalem: Bible Lands Museum, 2015), p. 36. Adar), just like his capture thirty-seven years earlier. I'm not seeing where you're getting that from. [16] The issue is complicated by what many scholars regard as evidence of a “pro-golah redaction” of the book of Jeremiah. son. 50–61. 1200 B.C.E. Block, “The Tender Cedar Sprig: Ezekiel on Jehoiachin,” Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel 2/1 (2012), pp. 190–197. Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin and Nebuchadnezzar. ),Iyunim BeSefer Yehezkel (Jerusalem: Kiryat Sefer and the Society of Biblical Research in Israel, 1982), pp. ). [1] The forms Nebuchadrezzar and Nebuchadnezzar both appear in the Bible, although the former more accurately transcribes the Akkadian name NabÅ«-kudurri-uá¹£ur (Nebo, guard the first born). tribute by laying a tax burden upon the people. Please note there is a new rule regarding the posting of videos. throw off the Babylonian yoke and avoid paying the tribute. 301–314. in the sight of the Lord and was forced to surrender to the Babylonians[8]. It is not entirely clear, however, what message the author of 2 Kings 25:27–30 was trying to convey. As opposed to the expectation that Jehoiachin and his fellow exiles would be restored soon to Jerusalem, there were those, especially among the Jerusalem community, who interpreted the events of 597 as indicating that God had rejected Jehoiachin and those exiled with him. 29:24–32): This letter shows that at least some in the Babylonian community believed that their stay in Babylon would be short lived, and that they objected to claims of people like Jeremiah telling them to get comfortable in exile. second son of Josiah king of Judah, his mother was Zebudah, the daughter of and onward help establish absolute chronological dates for Biblical events belonging to that time frame, see A. Laato, Guide to Biblical Chronology (Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2015), p. 30. See D. Janzen, “An Ambiguous Ending: Dynastic Punishment in Kings and the Fate of the Davidides in 2 Kings 25.27–30,” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 33/1 (2008), pp. that he didn't want to. Remember, there were several Shallums. We hope to see you as a part of our community soon and God Bless! Jehoiachin is not attested to due to a break in the physical tablets. He's not simply naming sons, like "the sons of Noah were Shem, Ham, and Japheth." when you think this is only a year or two after his capture and re-instatement Jehoiakim was the [13] The prophecy occurs at the very same time that Ezekiel began prophesying in Babylonia (summer of 593). Contrariwise, Ezekiel, who as we saw above, dated his prophecies to Jehoiachin’s regnal years, envisions a future return of a descendant of the exiled king to his homeland. The optimism expressed in this passage stands in stark contrast to Jeremiah’s words of unmitigated doom toward Jehoiachin and his descendants.[20]. [2] Jehoiakim appears to have died in the nick of time, however,[3] leaving his young son and successor Jehoiachin to bear the brunt of the Babylonian attacking force, which exiled the royal family plus a large group of elites to Babylonia: The biblical text does not provide a more precise time frame for Jehoiachin’s three-month reign and Nebuchadnezzar’s attack. last direct heir of the Jewish crown and Jeremiah predicted that he would have Jehoiachin was the last direct heir of the Jewish crown and Jeremiah predicted that he would have no seed upon the throne [9]. Rijksmuseum.nl. It has also been suggested that the writer creates a deliberately ambiguous message regarding the reconstitution of the Davidic dynasty, given that he saw theological justifications for a variety of possible options for the future (or lack thereof) of the dynasty.