The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. The inflorescence will form about 40 days after emergence if days are short, but several months may be required for plants emerging in May. Handbook of Arable Weeds of Japan. Plant Disease. The head can be erect or drooping, sometimes purplish. Likewise, Smith (1974) showed that among American varieties, the earlier-maturing Bluebelle and Nova 66 were more seriously affected than the later maturing Starbonnet. Tosiah S; Kadir J; Sariah M; Juraimi AS; Lo NP; Soetikno S, 2009. Problems of weed control in fruit, horticultural crops and rice. 3:20. [Proceedings, 40th annual meeting of the Northeastern Weed Science Society. 71 (3), 811-820. Plant Protection (Zhiwu Baohu), 9(3):11-12, Li D, 1987. Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on plant protection in the tropics, Genting Highlands, Malaysia, 20-23 March 1990 [edited by Ooi, P.A.C. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. PennState Extension’s webpage on Control of Summer Annual Grass Weeds in Turfgrasses. Moreau B, 1974. Determination of the origin of the cold-adapted populations of barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli) in eastern North America: a total-evidence approach using RAPD DNA and DNA sequences. ], Melbourne, Australia: Weed Science Society of Victoria. It was concluded that oxygen deficiency may increase the proportion of dormant seeds in the soil, and affect the dynamics of the E. crus-galli seed bank (Honek and Martinkova, 1992). (Echinochloa in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Thomas A G, Donaghy D I, 1991. > 0°C, dry winters), Grains eaten by humans in times of scarcity, Echinochloa hispidula (Retz.) Physiologia Plantarum, 69(4):659-664. Weed Technology. Melbourne, Australia: Weed Science Society of Victoria, 2:495-502. State rules and regulations and special pesticide use allowances may vary from state to state: contact your State Department of Agriculture for the rules, regulations and allowances applicable in your state and locality. ], [ed. International Rice Research Newsletter, 15(4):21-22, Bhatia RK; Sandhu KS; Singh T, 1990. Annual grass control in alfalfa (Medicago sativa) with postemergence graminicides. E. monoceras continues to be the most studied potential biocontrol agent, with Tosiah et al. World Weeds, 5(1/2):57-60; 4 ref. Rakesh Mehra, Thind B S, 1994. Claude J P, Everaere L, 1992. (1992) reported seven plant-parasitic nematode genera inhabiting the roots and rhizosphere soil of E. crus-galli growing in crop fields in Pakistan. Proceedings of the 1st International Weed Control Congress Melbourne, Australia; Weed Science Society of Victoria, Vol. two inflorescences. Weed Science, 39(3):369-375. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on different food-plants in the rice-growing region of southern Sancti Spiritus, Cuba. Zhang B Y, Chen H G, Zhou T W, 1992. Panicles 5-25 cm, with few-many papillose-based hairs at or below the nodes of the primary axes, hairs sometimes longer than the spikelets; primary branches 1.5-10 cm, erect to spreading, longer branches with short, inconspicuous secondary branches, axes scabrous, sometimes also sparsely hispid, hairs to 5 mm, papillose-based. Brighton Crop Protection Conference: Weeds. > 10°C, Cold average temp. It is suggested that ALS-resistant, and especially ALS- and ACCase multiple resistant barnyardgrass are threatening the sustainability of Italian rice crops due to the lack of alternative post-emergence herbicides. Bouhache M, Boulet C, Hammoumi M, 1983. Vol. Weed control and soil persistence studies with dimethenamid in maize. Photo by Steve Dewey of Utah State University, via Centro Agricola, 6(1):3-12, Michael PW, 2003. Scientific Name.