When they remove their Dwellings, they generally burn the Cottages they leave, and build new on the Ground they design to inhabit. The Caddo people were they were organized into the Hasinai confederacy consisting of the Kadohadacho on the great bend of the Red River, the Hasinai in east Texas and the Natchitoches in west Louisiana. built each house in a single day by working together—everybody in the The Piney Woods is a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion in present-day East Texas, southern Arkansas, western Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma. built huge dome-shaped houses, temples, and other structures. The grass houses were sturdy and dry. Bushnell, D. I. Jr., Native Villages and Village Sites East of the Mississippi. Joutel and several others of the party pushed on, and nine days later, when traversing the valley of the Red River, arrived at a village of the Cenis. They wore leggings and an outer garment called a matchcoat, a blanket that was fastened around the body with a sash. down the tall pine trees from the forests. The Caddo tribe develped and lived in distinctive Beehive grass thatched houses. This article contains interesting facts, pictures and information about the life of the Caddo Native American Indian Tribe of the Southeast cultural group. 2Bushnell, D. I. Jr., Native Villages and Village Sites East of the Mississippi. Caddoan Chief Quinahiwi signed a treaty with the Confederacy and many Caddo fight for the South during the war - others, loyal to the Union move to Kansas, 1872: The people re-unite and move to the Caddo-Wichita Reservation, 1887: The Dawes Act entitled an allotment of 160 acres of land to tribe members, in return for abolishing their governments and recognizing Federal laws, 1934: The individual allotment policy of the Dawes Act was terminated by the Indian Reorganization Act. Vol. a small fire in the center). Through Painting by Nola Davis, courtesy Texas Their name derives from a French derivation of the Caddoan word 'kadohadacho', meaning real chief in Caddo. Do you think you could build tall, sturdy, dome-shaped grass houses. 69, Bureau of American Ethnology. The following Caddo history timeline details facts, dates and famous landmarks of the people. A large fire burned in the center of the space. Food was cooked into cornbread, soups and hominy. Here are some more pictures of Native American houses like the ones Caddo Indians used. The eastern Caddos in Louisiana built tall beehive-shaped grass houses like the one in this picture. The children are playing while their mothers, aunts, and grandmothers prepare food and make pots, just as their ancestors did for hundreds and hundreds of years before. The people also grew tobacco and a grain-bearing grass. Fortunately a very good account of the people and their homes is preserved in Joutel’s narrative, and from it the following quotations are made: “The Indian that was with us conducting us to their Chief’s Cottage. Sibley, John, Historical Sketches of the Several Indian Tribes in Louisiana, south of the Arkansa River, and Between the Mississippi and River Grand. Their Beds are made of Canes, rais’d two or three Foot above the Ground, handsomely fitted with Mats and Bullocks Hides, or Goats Skins well cur’d, which serve them for Feather Beds, or Quilts and Blankets; and those Beds are parted one from another by Mats hung up.” 1Joutel, Journal of his voyage to Mexico: His Travels Eight hundred Leagues through Forty Nations of Indians in Louisiana to Canada: His Account of the great River Missasipi. It is made of great Trees, the Ends whereof are laid together, so that when once lighted, it lasts a long Time, and the first Comer takes Care to keep it up.” Here follows a brief description of the appearance of the structures of the village, the dwellings resembling those later mentioned as being typical of the Wichita. They By the 1800's cloth became readily available and the Caddo began to change their traditional style of dress. Caddo Indian Facts Washington, 1919, pp. They used strips of cloth, such as wool, calico or silk, wrapped around their head in a turban style headdress which was often decorated with a feather plume. Your email address will not be published. Vol. In Louisiana, the tribes created very tall grass homes that resemble beehives, while in Oklahoma and Texas the tribes created homes made from the earth with thatched roofs. 3Sibley, John, Historical Sketches of the Several Indian Tribes in Louisiana, south of the Arkansa River, and Between the Mississippi and River Grand. They traded their salt with the Natchez tribe. They proceeded to another village not far away, and, so the narrative continues: “By the Way, we saw several Cottages at certain Distances, stragling up and down, as the Ground happens to be fit for Tillage. They had no chainsaws or metal axes to cut We hope you enjoy watching the video - just click and play - a great social studies homework resource for kids . La Salle was murdered near the banks of the Trinity, in eastern Texas, March 20, 1687. Required fields are marked *. "celts" and attached them to wooden handles for many wood-working Their name derives from a French derivation of the Caddoan word 'kadohadacho', meaning “real chief” in Caddo. modern equipment or tools! The name Texas comes derives from the Caddo word 'taysha' meaning \"friend.\" For hundreds of years, the Caddo Indians Some of the tribe migrated to Texas, some joined the Choctaw, 1836: Texas becomes a republic and the Caddo make various treaties with the Texans, 1844: The Choctaw alliance ends and the Caddo are expelled as "Indian Intruders", 1846: The Council Springs Treaty with the US government, 1854: By 1854 most of the Caddo had moved to the Brazos reservation in northern Texas, 1859: The Caddo are forced to move again to  a reservation near the Washita River (now Caddo County, Oklahoma), 1861: The Civil War (1861 - 1865). They have also some small Baskets made of Canes, serving to put in their Fruit and other Provisions. The beds were placed, so it may be assumed, in a line around the wall, each separated from its neighbor by a mat.