[1], Monocled cobras are terrestrial and most active at dusk. The biggest difference between the two is in the amount of brake horsepower that they are able to put out. Juveniles feed mostly on amphibians whereas adults prey on small mammals, snakes and fish. It can be olivaceous or brownish to black above with or without a yellow or orange-colored, O-shaped mark on the hood. Monocled cobras are terrestrial and most active at dusk. The female lays 16-33 eggs, which hatch after 55-73 days. The Naja kaouthia venom sources from three different localities were reported to exhibit different intravenous and subcutaneous median lethal dose: Thailand, 0.18-0.22 µg/g; Malaysia, 0.90-1.11 µg/g; and Vietnam, 0.90-1.00 µg/g, of mouse body weight. It has a black spot on the lower surface of the hood on either side, and one or two black cross-bars on the belly behind it. It measures 134-150 centimetres (53-59 inches) in length. Some collaboration between males and females has been reported in Naja naja x Naja kaouthia - hybrids. However, the presence of fang marks does not always imply that envenomation actually occurred. What is the difference between King Cobra and Cobra? Binomial name: Naja kaouthia, René Primevère Lesson, 1831. They are often found in tree holes and areas where rodents are plentiful. Subcaudals in males range from 48 to 61, in females from 46 to 59. It has a black spot on the lowe… Adults can reach a maximum of 2.3 m (7.5 ft) in length. The data is not necessarily accurate nor complete. These cobras can adapt to a range of habitats, from natural to anthropogenically impacted environments. The Indian cobra (Naja naja), also known as the spectacled cobra, Asian cobra, or binocellate cobra, is a species of the genus Naja found, in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan, and a member of the "big four" species that inflict the most snakebites on humans in India. In 1831, René Lesson first described the monocled cobra as a beautiful snake that is distinct from the spectacled cobra, with 188 ventral scales and 53 pairs of caudal scales. [1] Naja kaouthia is listed on CITES Appendix II.[13]. The females usually stay with the eggs. In areas where the distribution of this species coincides with protected areas, probably providing small safeguards. These cobras can adapt to a range of habitats, from natural to anthropogenically impacted environments. The dorsal surface may be yellow, brown, gray, or blackish, with or without ragged or clearly defined cross bands. The monocled cobra has an O-shaped, or monocellate hood pattern, unlike that of the Indian cobra, which has the "spectacle" pattern (two circular ocelli connected by a curved line) on the rear of its hood. [7], Monocled cobras tend to have more than one cuneate scale on each side. Catalogue des Reptiles qui font partie d’une Collection zoologique recueillie dans l’Inde continental ou en Afrique, et apportée en France par M. Lamare-Piqout. They prefer habitats associated with water, such as paddy fields, swamps, and mangroves, but can also be found in grasslands, shrublands, and forests. It is free to use this map on various media. The elongated nuchal ribs enable a cobra to expand the anterior of the neck into a “hood”. The Monocled Cobra (Naja kaouthia) is a venomous snake, and a reptile.It has an O-shaped monocellate hood pattern, which is different from the spectacled pattern of the Indian Cobra. They have 25 to 31 scales on the neck, 19 to 21 on the body, and 17 or 15 on the front of the vent. Some populations of the monocled cobra have the ability to spit venom. However, the presence of fang marks does not always imply that envenomation actually occurred. The venom of this species also contains myotoxins and cardiotoxins. In 1839, Thomas Cantor described a brownish monocled cobra with numerous faint yellow transverse stripes and a hood marked with a white ring under the binomial Naja larvata, found in Bombay, Calcutta, and Assam. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete. [19] The average venom yield per bite is approximately 263 mg dry weight. The neurotoxins of this particular species are weak. They are also found on the Malay Peninsula and are native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Nepal, and Thailand. It has an O-shaped monocellate hood pattern, which is different from the spectacled pattern of the Indian Cobra. A pair of fixed anterior fangs is present. As a highly poisonous snake with a short temper, we don’t recommend getting up close to ascertain which is which! • Although the both snakes are elapids, they are described under two genera. • King cobra can inject much more venom than a cobra, but cobra has more concentrated venom compared to king cobra. A notable difference was observed in heterophil percentage of spectacled cobra (45.60±4.05) which was much higher than the reported values for Monocled cobras, Siamese spitting cobras and golden spitting cobras (4.4±1.0, 1.9±0.5 and 4.7±1.3). The monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia), also called monocellate cobra, is a venomous cobra species widespread across South and Southeast Asia and listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Some collaboration between males and females has been reported in Naja naja x Naja kaouthia - hybrids. [12] Egg-laying takes place January through March. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In case of intravenous injection the tested in mice is 0.373 mg/kg, and 0.225 mg/kg in case of intraperitoneal injection. It becomes paler as it ages. Fangs are moderately adapted for spitting. Juveniles feed mostly on amphibians whereas adults prey on small mammals, snakes and fish. In a preliminary study, extract of Mimosa pudica plant has been shown to possibly have neutralizing effects on the toxins present in this venom. The largest fang recorded measured 6.78 mm (0.678 cm). Many larger specimens have been recorded, but they are rare. Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data. What’s the difference between the Warthog and the Wild Boar? Adults can reach a maximum of 2.3 m in length. Lesson, R.-P. (1831). They prefer habitats associated with water, such as paddy fields, swamps, and mangroves, but can also be found in grasslands, shrublands, and forests. Ventrals in males range from 170 to 192, in females from 178 to 197. They can be found at elevations of up to 1000 m above sea level. [14] The proteomics finding revealed that the neurotoxin profiles of these Naja kaouthia were substantially different, reflecting the distinct difference in their lethal potency and response to antivenom neutralization. Coloration in the young is more constant. Adult monocled cobras reach a length of 1.35 to 1.5 m with a tail length of 23 cm. Coloration in the young is more constant. However, when threatened they will raise the anterior portions of their bodies, spread their hood, usually hiss loudly, and strike in an attempt to bite and defend themselves. They are also found on the Malay Peninsula and are native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Nepal, and Thailand. The rest of the belly is usually the same color as the back, but paler. Subcaudals in males range from 48 to 61, in females from 46 to 59.[6]. When disturbed they prefer to take flight. The Monocled Cobra is native to south Asia and south-east Asia, from Indian to China, throughout Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, and Nepal, and south to Vietnam and Cambodia. This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. It can live in a range of habitats, such as rice fields, swamps, and mangroves, as well as grasslands, shrublands, and forests. What is the difference between the Emu and the Rhea? Monocled cobras are harvested for the skin trade, however, collection from the wild is minimal and not likely to cause significant population declines. Many larger specimens have been recorded, but they are rare. Monocled cobras are distributed from India in the west through to China, Vietnam and Cambodia. Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic yendoandando, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks. No major threats have been reported, and the species is not thought to be undergoing a significant population decline. The dorsal surface may be yellow, brown, gray, or blackish, with or without ragged or clearly defined cross bands. [9], Some populations of the monocled cobra have the ability to spit venom. Since then, several monocled cobras were described under different scientific names: Several varieties of monocled cobras were described under the binomial Naja tripudians between 1895 and 1913. In 1940, Malcolm Arthur Smith classified the monocled cobra as a subspecies of the spectacled cobra under the trinomial Naja naja kaouthia. It has a black spot on each side of its hooded head. [15] The neurotoxins of this particular species are weak. They can be found at elevations of up to 1,000 m (3,300 ft) above sea level. In 1834, John Edward Gray published Thomas Hardwicke’s first illustration of a monocled cobra under the trinomial Naja tripudians var. [6] However, when threatened they will raise the anterior portions of their bodies, spread their hood, usually hiss loudly, and strike in an attempt to bite and defend themselves. Please post your images to our Thai Biodiversity Survey & Species ID group on Facebook. [8], They are often found in tree holes and areas where rodents are plentiful. The Monocled Cobra (Naja kaouthia) is a venomous snake, and a reptile. In 1831, René Lesson first described the monocled cobra as a beautiful snake that is distinct from the spectacled cobra, with 188 ventral scales and 53 pairs of caudal scales. As age advances, the snake becomes paler, wherein the adult is brownish or olivaceous. [5], The monocled cobra has an O-shaped, or monocellate hood pattern, unlike that of the Indian cobra, which has the "spectacle" pattern (two circular ocelli connected by a curved line) on the rear of its hood. Little Egret, Intermediate Egret, Great Egret: what’s the difference? It is oviparous. The major toxic components in cobra venoms are postsynaptic neurotoxins, which block the nerve transmission by binding specifically to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, leading to flaccid paralysis and even death by respiratory failure.