Jazz In America Notes: Rhythm: All music has rhythm. As its name implies, there are multiple musical ideas that draw your attention in different directions. There are 12 major keys; you can play the blues in any one of them. 2:56 Hines sustains the dominant in the bass, following it with a series of descending chords. Welcome to Hello Music Theory! I’m Dan and I run this website. 0:05 The next phrase is a slow descent through bluesy phrases that comes ot rest on a low note. In music, heterophonic texture is a subtype of polyphony, and occurs when there are two or more variations of a single melodic line. The term polyphonic comes from the Greek words poly, meaning “many” or “multiple”, and phonic, meaning “sound” or “voice”. It is rare to find in Western music, and especially classical music, but here is an example found in Mozart’s “Piano Concerto No. James Dapogny, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. [3] The song is a strong example of the influence of the blues on early jazz. Download my free eBook with all my favourite music theory resources. This kind of texture is found most commonly in non-Western music, such as traditional Turkish, Arabic, Japanese, or Thai music. Chorus One (12-bar blues) 0:16 Armstrong plays the melody over a tonic chord, harmonized by Jimmy Strong on clarinet. Polyphony is most commonly associated with Baroque and Renaissance music, as well as the music of the composer Johann Sebastian Bach. However, some children’s songs are polyphonic and very simple and easy to sing or play. of Dippermouth Blues beginning on page 145. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. The simplest form of a canon is a round, which is a canon where every melody is musically identical. The term also refers to the traditional jazz that underwent a popular revival during the 1940s and that continued to be played into the 21st century. To use the interactive features of StudyBass, please enable javascript. The blues form is a specific song structure used in the blues as well as other styles inspired by the blues like rock, jazz, R&B, etc. Armstrong as trumpet soloist and scat vocalist. 0:16Armstrong plays the melody over a tonic chord, harmonized by Jimmy Strong on clarinet. You can’t ever get lost wondering to yourself, “What chord is next?” With enough time and practice, you'll just hear and feel what the next chord change is. Musician's Friend © 1978 Oxford University Press The song is a strong example of the influence of the blues on early jazz. Note: This article is a review of another work, such as a book, film, musical composition, etc. 0:45A return to I, followed by a two-bar turnaround (a faster series of chords, leading to a half cadence). You should be able to do this by yourself with a metronome and never miss a chord. Armstrong plays second cornet on the April 6, 1923, recording, with Honoré Dutrey on trombone, Johnny Dodds on clarinet, Lil Hardin on piano, Baby Dodds on drums and Bill Johnson on banjo and vocal. ©2003-2020 Leading Tone Media, LLC - all rights reserved, Copying or distributing studybass.com content, in whole or in part, is strictly prohibited. Zutty Singleton marks time sharply on the woodblocks. He was also skilled at scat sing…, Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 - July 6, 1971) nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inv…, Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 - July 6, 1971) nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. And, so on. 2:45Over the IV chord, Armstrong plays an ecstatic jumble of descending bluesy lines. Your email address will not be published. The Musical Quarterly In addition, a fifth section entitled 'Primary Sources' features discussions on issues of biography, texts, and manuscripts; reflections on leading figures; personal statements by noted performers and composers; and essays on performances and recordings. With his instantly-recognizable gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer, demonstrating great dexterity as an improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song for expressive purposes. On piano, Earl Hines plays the same chord on each beat, four beats to the bar. institution, Login via your Let’s dive into the least common and most intricate type, polyphonic texture. The first step in learning to play the blues is getting comfortable with where the chords change. He has a PhD in Music from the University of Surrey, and he has composed music that has been played in three different countries. OUP is the world's largest university press with the widest global presence. It is often characterized by how many layers of melody and harmony can be heard at the same time. Dixieland Jazz is a style of jazz music that came out of New Orleans in the 1910s and 1920s. 1:59Hines plays a highly decorative solo, fleshed out by complicated harmonic substitutions. © Hello Music Theory 2020 | All rights reserved | Sitemap. It is most easily thought of as three 4-bar sections – the first 4, the middle 4, and the last 4 bars. 0:00Armstrong enters with a brisk fanfare in monophonic texture (i.e., with no accompaniment), in a fast tempo. Leave feedback, Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 - July 6, 1971) nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana. 2:10On the IV chord, he suddenly becomes louder and more aggressively syncopated. This clip of “Row, Row, Row Your Boat” is a perfect example of a five-person round, with each one starting four beats after the person before them: However, canons can also have imitative (follower) melodies that are not musically identical to the original (leader) melody. 0:03He moves to triplets that subtly adjust us to a new pulse, reaching a climax on a high note. For example, this piece by Konrad Kunz, “Canon No. Oliver's plunger mute solo on first cornet became one of the most frequently-imitated solos of his generation. Playing the Blues Form. No distractions. In this post we’ll fully explore polyphonic texture, but before we do that we should first remember what texture in music is. There are 12 major keys; you can play the blues in any one of them. Over the years it has published the writings of many important composers and musicologists, including Aaron Copland, Arnold Schoenberg, Marc Blitzstein, Henry Cowell, and Camille Saint-Saens. Watch the video for Dippermouth Blues from Louis Armstrong's The Complete Set for free, and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. All Rights Reserved. The trumpet would typically play the lead melody, while the clarinet played a melody that was much faster and more intricate, doodling up and down. Louis Armstrong, trumpet and vocal; Fred Robinson, trombone; Jimmy Strong, clarinet; Earl Hines, piano; Mancy Cara, banjo; Zutty Singleton, drums. There is a twelve-bar blues harmonic progression, with frequent bent notes and slides into notes. Start the wiki. Most jazz has a beat so you can dance to it. Go directly to shout page. Scrobbling is when Last.fm tracks the music you listen to and automatically adds it to your music profile. You should remember a bar is the same as a measure. Also, the phonograph recordings from 1923 gave credit to Armstrong and Oliver jointly. A fugue is different from a canon in two ways. StudyBass is here to teach; you're here to learn. Blues in E would use E, A, and B. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways.