− Mobility requires, inspires and facilitates commerce in familiar and exotic goods. In the north, corn became polenta; in the south, it was an element in bread, including the flatbreads called pizze or u'bizz. As a historian of migration, food and society, I know that neither colleague was unjustified in his reactions. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Causes And Effects Of Melting Glaciers, Countries Doing The Most To Combat Climate Change. Distance decay means that the interaction between locals declines as the distance between them increases. With 15 million soldiers to feed during World War II, the American military may have introduced more potential consumers – at home and abroad – to Italian foods than had all the immigrant restaurateurs of Little Italys in American cities. New markets inspired culinary creativity. As such, it has a significant influence on how things … Occasionally, as in Naples, corn was prepared in American ways – for example, roasted and sold by female street vendors. Nevertheless, the mass migrations from Italy to the Americas and the trade wars of the years of economic depression and nationalist warfare had already created the agricultural, industrial and commercial foundations for the 'American' exports of 'Italian' foods and dishes. Founded around 600 B.C. Distance decay Be sure to address these specific geographic terms and concepts. The popular pizza Margherita owes its name to Italy’s Queen Margherita who in 1889 visited the Pizzeria Brandi in Naples. Note: these are only Pizza Huts. Of course the poor of Italy did not in any case eat much wheat or wine. dictates variations of pizza, but also pizza preference. When the US prohibited the sale of alcoholic beverages after 1919, the same railroads delivered tons of California grapes to immigrants who revived home-based production of wine in their basements and bathtubs. where I is interaction and d is distance. Distance decay. Wherever they travelled, immigrants from Italy specialized in the raising, trading and import of foods. = The creativity of immigrant cooks also drew on the labour and homeland connections of immigrant food growers and retailers. Such dishes used ingredients that had originated in the Americas but by 1920 those ingredients were typically imported from Italy before being combined by immigrant cooks in America with the meats that had originated in Europe but were mass produced in the new world. When Italians sought work, they tended to travel along well-established commercial routes. . Fascist nationalism emphasized the importance of economic self-sufficiency; Mussolini's 'battle for grain' aimed to ensure that Italy's fields delivered calories first to Italy's residents. The world is developing at a very fast pace with the developed nations encouraging their people to innovate. With the advent of faster travel, distance has less effect than it did in the past, except where places previously connected by now-abandoned railways, for example, have fallen off the beaten path. (Pizza originated in Italy, but Pizza Hut originated in America and now has locations in foreign places like Padang, Indonesia.) The Pizzaiolo (pizza maker) on duty that day, Rafaele Esposito created a pizza for the Queen that contained the three colors of the new Italian flag. ∝ o You don’t need to address them in this order, but you do need to address all of them. Distance Decay Distance decay is the relationship between two cultures in regards to the distance between them and the similarity they share. But immigrant consumers were initially suspicious of American cans which contained whole tomatoes of an unfamiliar variety. Tomatoes were scarcely new to Anglo-Americans, having been eaten since the eighteenth century. flavor, mozzarella, Distance decay is a geographical term which describes the effect of distance on cultural or spatial interactions. i do understand the idea of an exchange of culture, and have experienced it myself in some of my travels although not to the extant of yourself.