The seamount was formed in the late Cretaceous (about 75.8 million years ago). The fund was intended to generate $18 million a year, which would be payable to claimants on an agreed-upon schedule. The top was covered to form a dome. In 2000, the tribunal made a compensation award to the people of Enewetak consisting of $107.8 million for environmental restoration; $244 million in damages to cover economic losses caused by loss of access and use of the atoll; and $34 million for hardship and suffering. In all 16 to 20 B-17s took part in this operation, of which half were controlling aircraft and half were drones. [5] The seamount is made of basalt, and its depth is due to a general subsidence of the entire region and not because of erosion. [9], Enewetak has a mean elevation above sea level of 3 metres (9.8 ft). By 5 April the first operational bombing mission was conducted. See: Johnson, Linsley, Gordon. Humans have only been able to see the planet from space for the last 50 years. Enewetak Atoll is one of nearly 30 atolls that form the island country of the Marshall Islands. About Earth View. 97–105 [p. 98]. [9][10] In 1794 sailors aboard the British merchant sloop Walpole called the islands "Brown's Range" (thus the Japanese name "Brown Atoll"). Along with the rest of the Marshalls, Enewetak was captured by the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1914 during World War I and mandated to the Empire of Japan by the League of Nations in 1920. Alvaro elected to name the island “Los Jardines" which translates to “The Gardens.”. Enewetak Atoll’s islands are centered in a ring shape around a deep lagoon, which is becoming more contaminated with nuclear debris as the Runit Dome, which contains nuclear debris, deteriorates. From 1958 through 1960 the United States installed the Missile Impact Location System (MILS) in the Navy managed Pacific Missile Range, later the Air Force managed Western Range, to localize the splash downs of test missile nose cones. The U.S. government referred to the atoll as "Eniwetok" until 1974, when it changed its official spelling to "Enewetak" (along with many other Marshall Islands place names, to more properly reflect their pronunciation by the Marshall Islanders[6]). Enewetak Atoll is one of nearly 30 atolls that form the island country of the Marshall Islands. In. [4], The Runit Dome is deteriorating and could be breached by a typhoon, though the sediments in the lagoon are even more radioactive than those which are contained.[5]. [16] In June 1945 the 67th CB arrived to build a 35,000 man recreation center to be turned over to CBMU 608.[16]. As they used it only for refueling planes between Truk and islands to the east, no aviation personnel were stationed there and the island had only token defenses. [32] Marshall Islands High School on Majuro serves the community. With a land area total less than 5.85 square kilometres (2.26 sq mi) , it is no higher than 5 meters (16.4 ft) and surrounds a deep central lagoon, 80 kilometres (50 mi) in circumference. Enewetak Atoll is an atoll in Marshall Islands and has about 853 residents. Humans have inhabited the atoll since about 1,000 BCE. Projections state that most of the atoll will be safe for human habitation by 2030. "Written Testimony of Bill Graham, Public Advocate (retired), Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal." In 2000, the tribunal made a compensation award to the people of Enewetak consisting of US$107.8 million for environmental restoration; US$244 million in damages to cover economic losses caused by loss of access and use of the atoll; and US$34 million for hardship and suffering. See: Wargo, John. [18] In 1977, the United States military began decontamination of Enewetak and other islands. About Earth View. [8] It is made of basalt, and its depth is due to a general subsidence of the entire region and not because of erosion. If the US$18 million a year generated by the fund was not enough to cover claims, the principal of the fund could be used. Rather than scrape the topsoil off, replace it with clean topsoil, and create another radioactive waste repository dome at some site on the atoll (a project estimated to cost US$947 million), most areas still contaminated on Enewetak were treated with potassium. An additional 4 near-surfa… The US government saw that the atoll was the perfect place to test the potency of their nuclear weapons. Weight: 1 lbs: You can buy a map from a lot of different places, but with a custom map, you will have the ability to curate a map to your exact specifications. Enewetak Atoll (or Eniwetok Atoll, sometimes also spelled Eniewetok; Marshallese language: Ānewetak, [æ̯ænʲee̯ɔ̯ɔ͡ɛɛ̯dˠɑk], or Āne-wātak, [æ̯ænʲee̯-ɒ̯ɒ͡ææ̯dˠɑk][1]) is a large coral atoll of 40 islands in the Pacific Ocean, and with its 850 people forms a legislative district of the Ralik Chain of the Marshall Islands. "Supreme Court: No Review of Award for US Nuclear Weapons Tests", "Loss-of-Damages From U.S. Nuclear Testing in the Marshall Islands: Technical Analysis of the Nuclear Claims Tribunal Methodology and Alternative Estimate", "Integrated Undersea Surveillance System (IUSS) History 1950 - 2010", Annotated bibliography for Eniwetok Atoll from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues, Information on legal judgements to the people of Enewetak, Enewetak Atoll Atomic Debris Cleanup Mission Survivors, Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Enewetak_Atoll&oldid=986669994, Articles containing Marshallese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Approx 31.8 megatons (almost 6% of total test yield worldwide), This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 08:25. "Ages of Seamounts, Islands and Plateaus on the Pacific Plate". It was visited by about a dozen ships before the establishment of the German colony of the Marshall Islands in 1885. It was visited by about a dozen ships before the establishment of the German colony of the Marshall Islands in 1885. This seamount is now about 4,600 feet (1,400 m) below sea level. However, the general location of the tiny ribbon of land is in the Runit Island is not habitable for the next 24,000 years, which is why it was chosen for the nuclear waste repository. A marine railway was installed on an existing Japanese pier and boat-repair shops were also erected.[34]. Ships from across Europe arrived one after the other over the next several centuries. The 1st Amphibious Brigade arrived on January 4, 1944. Enewetak Atoll. Enewetak Atoll (/ ɛ ˈ n iː w ə ˌ t ɔː k, ˌ ɛ n ɪ ˈ w iː t ɔː k /; also spelled Eniwetok Atoll or sometimes Eniewetok; Marshallese: Ānewetak, [ænʲeːwɛːdˠɑk], or Āne-wātak, [ænʲeːwæːdˠɑk]) is a large coral atoll of 40 islands in the Pacific Ocean and with its 664 people (as of 2011) forms a legislative district of the Ralik Chain of the Marshall Islands. Runit Island is not habitable for the next 24,000 years, which is why it was chosen for the nuclear waste repository. On a map, it can be very difficult to locate Enewetak Atoll. The name was changed to the present name in the year 1974 by the US government. Test shot Nectar of Operation Castle produced a yield of 1.69 megatons and was detonated just north east of Ivy Mike's Elugelab crater. Digital object identifier: A 15 kiloton nuclear weapon exploded but did not undergo nuclear fission on Runit, scattering plutonium over the island. Enewetak from Mapcarta, the free map. However, the general location of the tiny ribbon of land is in the Pacific Ocean between Hawaii and Australia.