He asked the audience: "In a concerto, who is the boss – the soloist or the conductor? He hated being touched, and in later life limited personal contact, relying on the telephone and letters for communication. He was, in effect, stranded on a beachhead of his own thinking between past and future. [In 1983, The Glenn Gould Foundation was established to honor Gould and preserve his memory. The claim that Gould "never shook hands" is exaggerated. [53] These facets of Gould, whether interpreted as neurosis or "play",[54] have provided ample material for psychobiography. [85] Gould became closely associated with the piece, playing it in full or in part at many recitals. Gould left an extensive body of work beyond the keyboard. He was once arrested, having possibly been mistaken for a vagrant, while sitting on a park bench in Sarasota, Florida, dressed in his standard all-climate attire of coats, hat and mittens. Gould was averse to the cold, and wore heavy clothing (including gloves), even in warm places. [45] A small rug would sometimes be required for his feet underneath the piano. He would be found on any given day playing a street piano trying to make enough money to survive. Despite a certain affection for Dixieland jazz, Gould was mostly averse to popular music. He was extremely critical of Chopin. Their affair lasted until 1972, when she returned to her husband. [fn 7] He claimed to have almost never practised on the piano itself, preferring to study repertoire by reading,[fn 8] another technique he had learned from Guerrero. "[55] In a letter to the cellist Virginia Katims of 20 January 1973, Gould said he had been vegetarian for about ten years. Gould had a pronounced aversion to what he termed "hedonistic" approaches to piano repertoire, performance, and music generally. The family's surname was changed to Gould informally around 1939 to avoid being mistaken for … He stopped giving concerts at the age of 31 to concentrate on studio recording and other projects. [6] The chair was designed so that Gould could sit very low at the keyboard, and allowed him to pull down on the keys rather than striking them from above, a central technical idea of his teacher at the Conservatory, Alberto Guerrero. "[49] Specifically, Bernstein was referring to their rehearsals, with Gould's insistence that the entire first movement be played at half the indicated tempo. Scales is the astrological symbol and The Seventh House is the ruling house of Libra. Gould showed considerable technical skill in performing and recording a wide repertoire including virtuosic and romantic works, such as his own arrangement of Ravel's La valse, and Liszt's transcriptions of Beethoven's Fifth and Sixth Symphonies. 4 in G Major, BWV 1049. How He has spend money? Our team currently working, we will update Family, Sibling, Spouse and Children's information. [117], Gould received many honours both during his lifetime (while claiming to despise competition in music) and posthumously. He called himself the last puritan, a nickname he based off the title of the classic novel by George Santayana. Gould's experience of driving across northern Ontario while listening to Top 40 radio in 1967 provided the inspiration for one of his most unusual radio pieces, The Search for Petula Clark, a witty and eloquent dissertation on the recordings of the renowned British pop singer, who was then at the peak of her international success. [98], He worked with numerous vocalists to record Schoenberg, Hindemith, and Ernst Krenek, including Donald Gramm and Ellen Faull. In 1970, the government of Canada offered him the Companion of the Order of Canada, but he declined, believing himself to be too young. During Gould's 1957 concert performances in Moscow. [47] His chair is so closely identified with him that it is shown in a place of honour in a glass case at the National Library of Canada. The first few bars of the Goldberg Variations are carved on his grave marker. They were all orchestral sounds, but I was playing them all, and suddenly I was Hofmann. [66], Whether Gould's behaviour fell within the autism spectrum has been the subject of debate. He went on to explore the possibility of litigation against Steinway & Sons if his apparent injuries were permanent. Gould is a popular subject of biography and even critical analysis. [63] In 1956, Gould said to photojournalist Jock Carroll "... my hysteria about eating. It asks whether a recording is less authentic or "direct" for having been highly refined by technical means in the studio. (Gould grew up in Toronto at the same time that Canadian theorists Marshall McLuhan, Northrop Frye, and Harold Innis were making their mark on communications studies. Gould was shocked by this, and complained of aching, lack of coordination, and fatigue because of the incident. A CBC profile noted, "sometime between two and three every morning, Gould would go to Fran's, a 24-hour diner a block away from his Toronto apartment, sit in the same booth, and order the same meal of scrambled eggs. The Glenn Gould Foundation was established in Toronto in 1983 to honour Gould and to keep alive his memory and life's work. [102] He attributed his failure as a composer to his lack of a "personal voice". He enjoyed a jazz concert with his friends as a youth, mentioned jazz in his writings, and once criticized the Beatles for "bad voice leading"[fn 18]—while praising Petula Clark and Barbra Streisand. ... moreover, what makes us assume that the situation of the man who wrote it accurately or faithfully reflects the situation of his time? But it doesn't convince me. [103] The majority of his work is published by Schott Music. Gould likened his process to that of a film director[79]—one does not perceive that a two-hour film was made in two hours—and implicitly asks why the act of listening to music should be any different. He may have spoken ironically about his practising as there is evidence that, on occasion, he did practise quite hard, sometimes using his own drills and techniques. Notable productions include his musique concrète Solitude Trilogy, which consists of The Idea of North, a meditation on Northern Canada and its people, The Latecomers, about Newfoundland, and The Quiet in the Land, about Mennonites in Manitoba.