But a point is to be kept in mind. Members of upper-occupational strata experience less unhappiness and worry and are subject to more formal controls than members of lower strata. Instead research can, and often does proceed, by taking an alternating inductive and deductive perspective – with observation leading to hypotheses which are then explored in relation to the data. It is deducted from the principle that: there would be more happiness in the wealthy families than in the poor families. This, deduction involves, moving from general to particular. The benefits of an inductive approach, as seen for example in grounded theory, are that it allows flexibility, attends closely to context and supports the generation of new theory [see the paper on social loss as example]. The hypothetico-deductive approach is most associated with 'the scientific method' but also underpins desk based research such as large N studies, meta analysis and systematic reviews. The hypothesis is then tested under experimental conditions. There are many good examples of inductive research, but we’ll look at just a few here. To test the hypothesis so formed, induction method may be adopted. It is the opposite of deductive research. Abduction: The claims made for an inductive or deductive approach are contested fiercely but there is increasing recognition that this might not be a choice between one or the other. All humans are mortal. If these are found correct and operating, these are generalized Induction lays stress on establishment of the material truth of matters pertaining to the universe or population based on sample observations. It is the opposite of deductive research. what are the weaknesses and strengths of this approach. While powerful, deductive logic is criticised as misrepresenting the methods of natural science and, for that matter, makes an assumption that all disciplines in natural science work the same way when they do not. Third, it focuses on association between events but fails to provide the detailed analytical explanation which is a necessary part of establishing causality - this is why counter examples (such as the Conger and Donnellan, 2007 paper) are so important. It follows the logic of syllogy expressed in classical form as: Therefore Socrates is mortal (conclusion). It allows researchers to explore multiple ideas before determining which one correlates to a hypothesis. Approaches to data analysis are of two types: inductive and; deductive approach. In practice whatever their explicit particular stances on research and social theory, our interviewees show the flexibility associated with an abductive approach. View our location on Central Campus An inductive research approach is one that begins with the final stages of scientific research, typically observation, and works backward to form a hypothesis. In mathematics So, Smith is mortal. Deduction as an approach to social research has had considerable appeal, and has been most clearly associated with a kind of classical and logical positivism. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. Conclusions based on deduction are more certain, than in the case of induction. Figure 6.1 outlines the steps involved with an inductive approach to research. The purpose of this paper is to explain the rationale for choosing the qualitative approach to research human resources practices, namely, recruitment and selection, training and development, performance management, rewards management, employee communication and participation, diversity management and work and life balance using deductive and inductive approaches to analyse data. Induction involves, moving-to the ‘unobserved’ many from the ‘observed’ few. Differences between both methods . 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