In the poem, Beowulf is a hero who slays a monster known as Grendel and becomes king. "[13] At the court of Charlemagne, the Norse were given this attribution, implying un-Christian and less-than-human qualities: "I am greatly saddened" said the King of the Franks, in Notker's Life, "that I have not been thought worthy to let my Christian hand sport with these dog-heads. :Russian architecture used few expensive materials; Inca architecture used plenty of gold. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? [2], Reports of dog-headed races can also be traced back to Greek antiquity. always things to think about when she went walking. The characteristic of cynocephaly, or cynocephalus (/saɪnoʊˈsɛfəli/), having the head of a dog—or of a jackal—is a widely attested mythical phenomenon existing in many different forms and contexts. Term. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins A. Aelfhere some scholars think that this is a reference to Beowulf, indicating that Wiglaf is related, perhaps a cousin.. battle-flame the sword, Hrunting.. Battle-Scylfings Swedes.The Geats have a long feud with the Scylfings. Includes Canis aureus , the oriental jackal, and C. mesomelas , the black-backed jackal. Here Be Dragons: A Creature Identification Quiz. Last 10 years From hiraeth to washi: discover the latest words added to the Collins Dictionary. The United States holds its presidential election on November 3rd after a long and sometimes rancorous campaign. Level. Amaze your friends with your new-found knowledge! Quoting St. Jerome, Thomas of Cantimpré corroborated the existence of Cynocephali in his Liber de Monstruosis Hominibus Orientis, xiv, ("Book of Monstrous men of the Orient"). Speakers of English have about twice as many words at their disposal than speakers of Spanish or Chinese have. Herodotus reports claims by ancient Libyans that such creatures inhabit the east of their lands, as well as headless men and various other anomalies. In Saami mythology, according to Craig Chalquist, PhD, Padnakjunne ("Dog-Face") are cannibalistic humanoids with dog snouts. [7], Cynocephali also figure in medieval Christian worldviews. Turkish çakal, from Persian shaqāl, of Indo-Aryan origin; akin to Sanskrit sṛgāla jackal. Such cynocephalics are known in mythology and legend from many parts of the world, including ancient Egypt, India, Greece, and China. Learn a new word every day. Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. What does architecture represent in the poem beowulf? "[14] The ninth-century Frankish theologian Ratramnus wrote a letter, the Epistola de Cynocephalis, on whether the Cynocephali should be considered human (he thought that they were). [8], In the Eastern Orthodox Church, certain icons covertly identify Saint Christopher with the head of a dog. He was reported to be of enormous size, with the head of a dog instead of a man, apparently a characteristic of the Marmaritae. Beowulf boasted how he drove five great giants into chains. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only.