Ideally their diet should be supplemented with a variety of food items including: worms, prawns, mussels, peas, spinach and other similar items. In any case, don’t overfeed these fish. For every inch of fully-grown fish, you should have no less than two gallons of water. Rocks, flower pots, large wood or root structures and well potted or rooted very hardy plant species will do best in a Midas Cichlid aquarium setup. It shouldn’t be too hard for you to keep the water parameters at these levels, but you will want to include a powerful filtration system, which can help you prevent ammonia from growing and forming, as well as algae. The most important thing during breeding is to keep a close eye on the female and protect her from possible male attacks. Can You Really Keep Freshwater Aquarium Sharks? A very large aquarium is needed because these fish become more aggressive during spawning and egg guarding. However, provided with enough space, this fish can become a peaceful fish that will happily coexist with other South and Central American cichlid species. Hobbyists who intend to Midas Cichlids in groups or with other Cichlid species need to take steps to lesson this species aggressive habits. Stunning 2"-3" Midas cichlids CAN REACH UPTO 15" BEST KEPT BETWEEN 21 to 26° C OMNIVORE. In their natural habitat, the Midas Cichlid is generally found living near large rocky walls and formations or near exposed tree roots or submerged logs. Before that, they were placed under the common genus of Cichlasoma; but that genus became so wide that there became a need to clearly identify individual cichlid species, and the midas cichlid was one of them. They will also provide a threat for semi-aggressive and peaceful fish if the tank is too small. They love to redecorate the aquarium so there is a risk of rocks breaking the glass. All Rights Reserved. Midas Cichlids will eat any aquarium foods, such as live foods, freeze-dried foods, flakes, and fresh vegetables. Midas cichlids are one of the most popular cichlid species. Knowing their natural habitat can help you to understand the fish better and know what sort of conditions it prefers or even requires. You will do well to complement the pellets with other types of food – live foods especially, as well as frozen foods. Midas cichlids are omnivores, although they do prefer a primarily carnivore diet. They are used to relatively open areas with little obstacles in the way. Provide them with plenty of hiding spaces like rocks and wood. There should be a thicker than normal substrate at the bottom of the tank because it will help provide a cushion for the rocks if they get moved around. Midas Cichlids (Amphilophus citrinellus) are widely distributed throughout the Central American countries of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, where they are found inhabiting a wide variety of permanent bodies of water like lakes, ponds and slow moving rivers. Now that we’ve learned about the tank conditions for these fish, you’ll also want to know what sort of water parameters they prefer. Midas Cichlid Tank Requirements. In small tanks, this fish will become aggressive and territorial towards other fish, especially towards other smaller fish in the tank. We’ve already mentioned that you might need a heater for achieving these temperatures, especially if you live in areas where the air is relatively cold. The hardness of the water should range between 10-20DGH. For keeping one single male, you will need much more – at least 75 gallons. Midas Cichlid native habitat, distribution, behavior & aquarium compatibility. So, you could fit close to seven of these fish in a 55-gallon aquarium. Disclaimer: We do not intend to provide any kind of veterinary suggestion. How to properly feed Midas Cichlid and provide a healthy diet. They are easy to feed and are tolerant of a wide range of water parameters, but require their owners to be aware of how to deal with large aggressive fish. Midas Cichlids are classified as a moderately difficult species to keep in the aquarium due to their very aggressive nature. As we’ve already said, these fish will require a lot of space to live in. Let us present you our comprehensive list of the most popular cichlids in Central America! 10 Most Popular Central American Cichlids. Disclosure: when you buy through links on my site, I may earn an affiliate commission. The first step in keeping Midas Cichlid with other tank mates is to house them in a tank large enough to create suitable territory for all the aquariums occupants. The content of this website is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. That’s when you need to put the female into a separate tank. Food items containing carotene are also highly recommended, as the carotene will help bring out the bright orange and yellow coloration within the Midas Cichlid. So, a 4″ fish requires 8 gallons of water. As we’ve already said, these fish prefer to live in slow-moving waters, preferably at depths of between 3-114 feet (1-35 m). Midas Cichlid needs a large tank. However, there are some requirements that they need in order to stay peaceful at all times. It is possible to breed Midas Cichlids but aggression can pose a risk. This typically means an aquarium of 180 gallons or more, with properly designed aqua-scaping that creates different distinct areas of the aquarium that can be claimed as separate territories. Fish that are shaped differently and feed in a different manner than the Midas Cichlid are good choices, as the Midas Cichlid will not see them as direct competition for feeding. Therefore, it is best to stick with large heavy aquarium decor that will be difficult for the Midas Cichlid to rearrange. The fish will start to swim around each other and will slap each other with the tails on their bodies when they are ready to reproduce. Before we jump into this category, we must mention that this fish will normally grow to about 14” in size. You should know that these fish will require quite a lot of space in their aquarium, or they can easily turn aggressive towards other fish in closed captivity. Consider the following foods to feed these fish: You can also consider using supplements every once in a while to make sure these fish get enough nutrients in their daily diet. The water temperature in the tank should range from 68 to 82 degrees F. Being an omnivorous species, the Midas Cichlid should be fed a diet that contains both meaty and vegetable based foodstuffs. They should be fed a couple of times per day an amount of food that they will readily consume within 5 minutes. Their interesting behavior is that they tend to change colors when they are kept in aquariums, and they will display different colors when they are in captivity to the colors they display when they are in their natural habitat. Midas Cichlids like to move the decorations in the tank. How to successfully keep Midas Cichlid in the home aquarium. For a single female fish of this species, you will have to provide a tank of at least 55 gallons. Only the most hardy and well rooted of plants will be able to be kept in the Midas Cichlid aquarium, as they are well known diggers that will constantly uproot and displace any aquarium decor that they are capable of moving. Lake Apoyo, Masaya, and Nicaragua and Manaua seem to be their primary living habitats where they are found. That’s when the fish species was first located in their natural habitat and recognized as a species. Midas Cichlids are known to be aggressive and need to have a big aquarium because of their large size. The temperature is the key factor when it comes to water parameters. They are used to relatively open areas with little obstacles in the way. MINIMUM TANK SIZE 200LITRES This includes the lakes of countries such as Costa Rica, Nicaragua. The appearance of a midas cichlid can range anywhere from having a dark brown body with gray to blackish stripes, or a combination of orange and white patterns on their body. Plants are optional. They are capable of living as long as 15 years so be prepared for long-term commitment. However, they have been successfully kept and bred in captivity, too. In such settings, these fish seem to turn white and orange. The Midas Cichlid is one of the largest cichlids and can grow up to 18 inches in an aquarium so a tank of at least 100 gallons is required to keep two fish. However, it was not until the late 1980s when these fish were really recognized as their own species. In this article, we’ll talk about everything there is to know about the midas cichlid – how you can keep it, how to feed it, what are the water parameters, and how to breed it. Short of being housed in a single specimen aquarium, hobbyists will need to implement a variety of methods in order to lesson the Midas Cichlids aggression towards other tank mates. Midas cichlids are relatively peaceful fish, so you won’t have many problems with keeping them with other fish as long as they have enough space in the tank. There may be some success with keeping other fish in the tank if all the fish were raised together. Midas Cichlids (Amphilophus citrinellus) are one of the least difficult fish to feed, as they will attempt to eat anything that looks remotely edible. They like rocky areas with plenty of roots around them where they will normally feed on small insects, snails, worms, and other creatures found in those areas. The Midas Cichlid has orange and white blotchy skin with a very pronounced hump on its forehead. As we’ve already said, these fish will require a lot of space to live in. Before we jump into this category, we must mention that this fish will normally grow to about 14” in size. Rarely, the fish will also morph into a yellow-ish morph variation, although that doesn’t happen very often. The caves can be made from rock formations, or flowerpots. Simply put the Midas Cichlid is one of the most aggressive New World Cichlid species around. They can produce quite a lot of waste, and if you’re intending to have plants in the tank, then filtration will need to be especially powerful. In rare cases, Oscars grow even bigger, reaching 18 inches in size and …, Jaguar cichlids, or parachromis managuensis, are one of the most interesting cichlid species. • Care Level: Moderate • Temperament: Aggressive • Maximum Size: 14". And for more security, you can consider keeping this fish with other similar fish that have a relatively similar temperament. The Midas Cichlid also goes by another common name, which is the Red Devil and sometimes it’s called Red Devil Fish or Red Devil Cichlid. So you will have to adjust the tank size accordingly. The Midas Cichlid will eat small fish, snails, plant material and almost anything that can fit in its mouth. They will be a threat for smaller fish that are kept in a tank that’s too small. The Red Devil is often used to describe another species, which is similar in size, color and temperament, Amphilophus labiatus . 5 Best South American Cichlids for Beginners, 5 Best Freshwater Aquarium Filtration Systems, Six Mid-Water Fish Species for the Freshwater Aquarium, African Butterfly Fish in the Home Aquarium, Daphnia Flea: Feeding this crustacean to your fish, Types of Freshwater Eels for the Home Aquarium, The Glass Knifefish (Eigenmannia virescens) Profile. Equally important is the tank mates themselves, always choose other large robust Cichlid and Catfish species that can tolerate the belligerent disposition of the Midas Cichlid. So you will have to adjust the tank size accordingly. Even if all fish are compatible, it is important to have a large tank and numerous caves to ensure each fish has its own territory. The midas cichlid (Amphilophus citrinellus) is a very interesting and eye-catching fish species that every cichlid lover should know about. 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