This report covers attitudes and views on a variety of social and political questions. Differences in counts of countries showing a statistically significant relationship before and after controls reflect net change. Idler, Ellen, John Blevins, Mimi Kiser, and Carol Hogue. These subtotals do not add up to 10% due to rounding. And of the 23% of Democrats who got political news from Fox News in the past week, nearly three-in-ten (27%) distrust it. The gaps in voter turnout vary slightly if the eight countries with mandatory voting requirements are excluded from the analysis: In the remaining 17 countries, actives are more likely than the unaffiliated to vote in 11 countries, and more likely than inactives to vote in six countries. Everyone who took part in this survey is a member of Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP), an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addressees. We examine responses based on party identification to see whether Republicans and Democrats are turning to similar, or different, sources of information. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. , In 1990, the Times Mirror Company founded the Times Mirror Center for the People & the Press as a research project, tasked with conducting polls on politics and policy. A Pew Research Center survey provides U.S. estimates for self-rated happiness. U.S. adults actually show less concern now about the amount of debt they have, their health care costs, paying their bills and being able to save enough for retirement than they did when asked some of the same questions in a September 2019 survey, well before the start of the pandemic. The three categories are: “Actively religious,” made up of people who identify with a religious group and say they attend services at least once a month (sometimes called “actives”); “inactively religious,” defined as those who claim a religious identity but attend services less often (also called “inactives”); and “religiously unaffiliated,” people who do not identify with any organized religion (sometimes called “nones”).3. 2006. Only 23% of adults now rate national economic conditions as excellent or good, down dramatically from 57% at the beginning of 2020. About seven-in-ten (71%) say they would not be able to do this. While 53% of white adults say they have rainy day funds, much smaller shares of Hispanic (29%) and black adults (27%) say the same. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20036 USA By contrast, fewer than half of those younger than 65 say the same. In other words, those who frequently attend a house of worship may have more people they can rely on for information and help during both good and bad times. Overall, 47% of Americans say they have rainy day funds on hand that would cover their expenses for up to three months. Adults, Interactive Effects of Church Attendance and Religious Tradition on Depressive Symptoms and Positive Affect, Does Negative Interaction in the Church Increase Psychological Distress? All of these explanations are not mutually exclusive: While it may be the case that happier and healthier people tend to be more involved in social groups of all kinds – secular as well as religious – it may also be true that individuals reap well-being benefits from the social connections they build in religious congregations and other aspects of religious involvement. Overall, Republicans and Republican-leaning independents view many heavily relied on sources across a range of platforms as untrustworthy. In the remaining two countries – Mexico and Taiwan – actives are more likely than others to say they are in very good health, as is also true in the U.S. These experiences also differ by educational attainment, with college graduates more insulated from the impact of the coronavirus outbreak. Furthermore, religion is positively associated with self-rated health in 27 of 48 studies (56%), with lower rates of coronary heart disease in 12 of 19 studies (63%) and with fewer signs of psychoticism (“characterized by risk taking and lack of responsibility”) in 16 of 19 studies (84%).36, Of course, this also means that a substantial number of studies have found no clear association, or have even concluded that religion is associated with worse health outcomes. Regardless of the specific outcomes reported by the many studies on this topic, it is worth noting that many attempts to link health and religion result in null findings, and that the research often has serious methodological limitations. “, See, for instance, Ellison, Christopher G., Amy M. Burdette, and Terrence D. Hill. “, Lim, Chaeyoon, and Robert D. Putnam. PEW RESEARCH CENTER www.pewresearch.org About This Report State of the News Media 2014 report is the eleventh edition of the annual report by the Pew Research Center examining the landscape of American journalism. But there could be clues in the current data, which suggest that any differences between religiously inactive and unaffiliated people on key measures of well-being are relatively modest. In the remaining two countries (Poland and the Czech Republic) the differences are not statistically significant. Voting data for Ecuador are not available; just 25 countries are included in this measure. Trump supporters in districts with Democratic incumbents and Biden supporters in districts with Republican incumbents are also more likely than those with same-party incumbents to say they are undecided in the congressional race. This compares with 42% of middle-income and 32% of upper-income adults. Many previous studies have found positive associations between religion and health in the United States. Some researchers argue that virtues promoted by religion, such as compassion, forgiveness and helping others, may improve happiness and even physical health if they are practiced by parishioners. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. According to the report, laws and policies restricting religious freedom and government favoritism of religious groups are the two types of restrictions that have been the most prevalent. In the remaining countries, there is no difference between the groups.49, At the same time, “nones” sometimes seem slightly healthier on the measures of obesity and exercise. Across income groups, those who have been laid off or have taken a pay cut as a result of the coronavirus outbreak – or who say someone in their household has – are more likely than those who have not experienced this to say they worry about these financial concerns almost every day or more often. But the analysis finds comparatively little evidence that religious affiliation, by itself, is associated with a greater likelihood of personal happiness or civic involvement. Yet in 28 of the 35 countries studied across datasets analyzed in this report, the actively religious are a minority of the adult population: Especially in Europe, but also in some countries in the Asia-Pacific region, levels of affiliation are declining and regular attendance at religious services is relatively rare. Teens credit social media for helping to build stronger friendships and exposing them to a more diverse world, but they express concern that these sites lead to drama and social pressure. Access to mobile phones and social media is common across emerging economies. (For more on previous studies of religion and health, see this sidebar. Engaging in one’s community and spending time with family and friends, for example, has been credited with lowering rates of depression, heart disease and overall mortality. Roughly half of U.S. teens say they spend too much time on their cellphones, and two-thirds of parents express concern over their teen’s screen time. Again, there are no broad patterns favoring the inactively religious or the unaffiliated when it comes to civic engagement. Voters who support minor-party candidates for president are about evenly divided in their vote for the House of Representatives (29% support the Democrat and 31% support the Republican). In 13 out of 26 countries, both before and after controls, the actively religious are happier than everyone else (that is, the combined population of the inactively religious and the unaffiliated).