Ploceids are commonest in dry, hot country, where they forage on the ground for seeds and insects. In the true weaver family, Ploceidae (order Passeriformes), are the 57 species of the genus Ploceus, which are often divided under group names, such as masked weavers and golden weavers. Many weaver species are gregarious and breed colonially. Ploceidae is a family of small passerine birds, many of which are called weavers, weaverbirds, weaver finches and bishops. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Asian golden weaver. [7], Communal Philetairus nests in central Namibia, Pseudonigrita nest in Kenya, with entrance below, Black-breasted weaver nest suspended from grass, India, A baya weaver on his unfinished nest, northern India, Nests of a baya weaver colony suspended from a palm tree, India, Male Quelea at nest concealed in thorny Senegalia shrub, Red bishop constructing a nest in reeds, South Africa, Nests of a colony of Sakalava weavers, Madagascar, Spherical village weaver nests suspended from a palm tree, West Africa, A southern masked weaver building his nest, Namibia. [1] All birds of the Ploceidae are native to the Old World, most in Africa south of the Sahara, though a few live in tropical areas of Asia. See if your geographic knowledge points north or south in this journey through Africa. Genus: Acinonyx. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Accessed at Weavers(Ploceidae) Class AvesOrder PasseriformesSuborder Passeri (Oscines)Family PloceidaeThumbnail description Small to medium-sized passerine birds; bill conical or pointed; plumage plain yellow or black, or these colors in combination with red, brown, or orange, or else sparrowy brown; often there is a seasonal change in plumage, which may include development of greatly elongated tail … Genus: Neofelis. Hanging nest, Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 2019. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A few species have been introduced outside their native range.[2]. Except for the parasitic whydahs and certain sparrows, all weave covered nests, typically in colonies. In most recent classifications, Ploceidae is a clade, which excludes some birds that have historically been placed in the family, such as some of the sparrows, but which includes the monotypic subfamily Amblyospizinae. They chirp and chatter incessantly. [8][9], A nest in the early stages of construction, Adult Sporopipes at its spherical grass nest, placed in a shrub, Plocepasser nest in Namibia, for year-round occupation. Most are highly gregarious, and many are polygamous. The sociable weavers of Africa build apartment-house nests, in which 100 to 300 pairs have separate flask-shaped chambers entered by tubes at the bottom. VII. an order within an order? The males of many species in this family are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. [2] The birds build their nests together for protection, often several to a branch. The usually five or six eggs are tinted and speckled in most species. Eastern golden weaver. Weavers get their name because of their elaborately woven nests. [5][6] They sometimes cause crop damage, notably the red-billed quelea, reputed to be the world's most numerous bird. The family is divided into the buffalo, sparrow, typical, and widow weavers. This article was most recently revised and updated by, The following genera are currently classified within the family Ploceidae. Please see our brief essay. Disclaimer: The Felidae lower classifications consist of 2 subfamilies, 14 genera, 40 species and numerous subspecies. Niger is a very wet tropical country. Subfamily: Felinae (small cat species) - 12 genera and 33 species. Felidae Lower Classifications. This material is based upon work supported by the Click on names to … Corrections? & Keith, S. (2004) The birds of Africa vol. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. National Science Foundation Fry, C.H. Genus: Panthera. Ploceidae, songbird family, order Passeriformes, including the bishops, weavers, and their allies. The family Ploceidae was introduced (as Ploceïdes) by the Swedish zoologist Carl Jakob Sundevall in 1836. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Ploceidae is a family of small passerine birds, many of which are called weavers, weaverbirds, weaver finches and bishops. The weaverbird colonies may be found close to bodies of water. The Animal Diversity Web (online). The relationships of these and other seedeaters are very uncertain, and authorities disagree widely on the classification of the groups. passeriform: Annotated classification Family Ploceidae (weaverfinches, queleas, bishops, and allies) Small, stoutly built seedeaters, mostly 10 to 25 cm (4 to 10 inches), a few long-tailed species to 50 cm (20 inches; males only). lobe-finned fishes and terrestrial vertebrates, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. Southern masked weaver. These names come from the nests of intricately woven vegetation created by birds in this family. Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. Many species weave very fine nests using thin strands of leaf fiber, though some, like the buffalo-weavers, form massive untidy stick nests in their colonies, which may have spherical woven nests within. The family is believed to have originated in the mid-Miocene. To cite this page: The sparrow weavers live in family units that employ cooperative breeding. Village weaver. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . [7] Search in featureTaxon InformationContributor GalleriesTopicsClassification. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Ploceids are small, compact birds with short, stout bills. Lesser masked weaver. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! Lower classifications. These names come from the nests of intricately woven vegetation created by birds in this family. Christopher Helm, London, "An extensive molecular phylogeny of weaverbirds (Aves: Ploceidae) unveils broad nonmonophyly of traditional genera and new relationships",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 13:35. Although weavers are named for their elaborately woven nests, some are notable for their selective parasitic nesting habits instead. [3][4] These species are not closely related to the sparrows (Passeridae) nor to the Emberizidae, according to Luis Allende and colleagues. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Subfamily: Pantherinae (big cat species) - 2 genera and 7 species. Materials used for building nests include fine leaf fibers, grass, and twigs. Usually the male birds weave the nests and use them as a form of display to lure prospective females. The approximately 120 species in this group are native chiefly to Africa, but several have been introduced elsewhere. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Family: Felidae. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Is the northernmost point of Africa farther north than the southernmost point of Europe? All are small insectivores that breed colonially; most inhabit hot, dry country. For more detail, see list of Ploceidae species.