For each action, we asked experts for each species to assess the extent to which that action is being carried out and how much of the species’ range that action occurs in. As a protected species, they cannot be hunted but often get caught in snares and traps that are set up in the forests where they exist, mainly to catch Wild Boar and Deer. The saola resembles the desert antelopes of Arabia in appearance, but is in fact more closely related to wild cattle. The Cross River gorilla has the smallest population of all the subspecies. However, with growing Human settlements, they have been pushed higher and higher up the slopes and are now unable to enter much of their historical forests as they simply no longer exist. Local villagers set some snares for subsistence use and crop protection. Although very little is still known about the rare Saola living deep in the jungles, they are thought to be mainly preyed on by larger animals including Tigers and Crocodiles that they share their habitats with. In the last four years we have helped establish two new adjacent saola reserves in the Thua-Thien Hue and Quang Nam provinces. Check out some of the animals who hang out in forests. Not only that but they are also commonly caught in traps that are set for other animals and have been severely affected by habitat loss through both deforestation and growing Human settlements in the fertile lowlands around the base of the mountains, where they would have once most commonly roamed. The legs of the Saola are also black in colour, but it is on their face that their most distinctive white markings are found. new google.translate.TranslateElement({pageLanguage: 'en', layout: google.translate.TranslateElement.InlineLayout.SIMPLE, autoDisplay: false}, 'google_translate_element'); Today, the Saola is listed by the IUCN as being an animal that is Critically Endangered in its natural environment. Although the Saola closely resembles the Arabian Desert Antelopes, they are thought to be more closely related to Wild Cattle. The Saola is thought to be a diurnal animal meaning that they are most active during the day-light hours, possibly resting out of sight to protect themselves from predators under the cover of night. To answer the question, let’s first define “most venomous.” After all, some folks may calculate venomosity using a potency-versus-size calculation; others may focus on victim statistics across the animal kingdom. The Saola is thought to be found in what forest still remains in the Annamite Mountains that sit on the border between north-central Vietnam and neighbouring Laos. Sumatra is home to five of those heartlands both in Central and South Sumatra. Its rarity, distinctiveness and vulnerability make it one of the greatest priorities for conservation in the region. Principal Office England – Company Number RC000749 – Registered address Regent’s Park, London, England NW1 4RY. We also work on research, community based forest management, capacity building and strengthening law enforcement. Although all eight species of pangolins are banned from international trade, the "scaly anteater" population is still under deadly threats as they continue to be the world's most trafficked mammals. They are incredibly rare and elusive mammals, and still today, very little is actually known about the Saola. Please help us to reach our goal of establishing dedicated conservation attention at “High” levels for all EDGE species. Saola (pronounced: sow-la) are recognized by two parallel horns with sharp ends, which can reach 20 inches in length and are found on both males and females. It is suspected to occur in less than 15 forest blocks in the two countries. We then combined the scores for all actions into an overall conservation attention score for the species. During a joint survey that was conducted by the Ministry of Forestry of Vietnam and WWF, the unique horns of the Saola was spotted in the houses of local hunters, which led to an investigation into the animal and the areas in which it lived. This species is restricted to a narrow area of forest along the northern and central Annamite Mountains, on the border between Vietnam and Loa People’s Democratic Republic. These are restricted to remaining forest in the Annamite Mountains between Vietnam and Lao PDR, where they are threatened with extinction by hunting and deforestation. Having been hunted specifically as a species by Humans in the past, today hunters are still among the Saola's biggest threats. None exist in captivity and this rarely-seen mammal is already critically endangered. WWF has been involved in creating a plan for the management of protected areas and continues to work on projects in the region. WWF is working to address the threats to forests, and protect the species that call them home. Speak up for species and places through WWF's Action Center. The Saola was once thought to actually primarily inhabit more lowland forests towards the base of the mountains. WWF claim that the rareness, distinctiveness and uniqueness of the Saola, make it one of the greatest priorities to conservation in the Indochina region today. Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Despite the fact that no formal survey has been conducted, the IUCN estimates that populations could have been as low as 250 when the Saola was first recorded in the summer of 1992, a number that is thought to have dropped significantly since then due to the increased growth of Human settlements. As forests disappear under the chainsaw to make way for agriculture, plantations and infrastructure, saola are being squeezed into smaller spaces. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened.