In the UK the Rough Collie is no longer used for serious herding, having been replaced by the Border Collie, though in the United States and a number of European countries, there has been a resurgence in the use of the Collie as a working and performance dog. Historically, they were used in Scotland to herd, protect and drive flocks of sheep. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. Scotch shepherd dogs sport double coats, which may be either medium or short in length. Since the word "collie" is a Scottish word that refers to sheepdogs, the modern name for the breed still gives a nod to the pooch's Scottish roots. Collies are capable of being keen herders while remaining sensible, flexible family companions, whether as working dogs on a ranch or farm or helping out a suburban owner who keeps a few sheep, goats, or ducks as a hobby. The ears of a Rough Collie are similar to a Shetland Sheepdog's, but larger. They are excellent tracking dogs. The dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in the herding and guarding of their flock.  More rarely, Rough Collies can be affected by progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), another genetic disease in which bilateral degeneration of the retina results in progressive vision loss culminating in blindness. The Scotch Shepherd needs daily exercise.  It is not known conclusively if the Borzoi cross made it into the mainstream of the breed. Jensen attended Idaho and Boise State Universities. , The Collie Club of America is one of the oldest breed-specific clubs in existence in the United States (founded in 1886). Note that the American Kennel Club accepts white, where the dog is predominantly white with coloured markings of sable, tricolor, or blue merle on the head and sometimes body patches. , Rough Collies can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, conformation, flyball, tracking, and herding events. The Scotch Shepherd is also known as the Scotch Collie. Fact Check: What Power Does the President Really Have Over State Governors? Pet dogs need less maintenance but still a significant amount to keep the dog healthy. Herds of sheep were common in the border country, making talented herding dogs valuable assets. They were originally derived from a mixture of Roman Cattle Dogs, Native Celtic Dogs and Viking Herding Spitzes. Furthermore, once seen, the contrast between the Rough Collie head and that of a Border Collie is immediately apparent, the latter having a considerably shorter muzzle and a more distinct stop between muzzle and forehead. , Canine cyclic neutropenia is a cyclic blood disorder that is usually fatal to affected puppies. The dog needs to be gradually acclimated to the cold and a suitable insulated outdoor shelter must be provided for the dog along with ample quality food and a source of unfrozen water. The breed specifications call for a distinctive long narrow tapered snout and tipped (semiprick) ears, so some dogs must have their ears taped when young.