Only a trained specialist, such as a sniper, or soldiers equipped with machine guns, which fired multiple rounds at a known or suspected target, could make full use of the standard rifle round's range and power. Although various experimental rounds had been developed to one degree or another by this point, the Army instead decided to select yet a new design, the Polte 8×33mm Kurzpatrone ("short cartridge"). Both designs were similar, using a gas-operated action, with selective fire. The meeting concluded that the 7.92 mm cartridge was an important development and that the Soviets needed to design a reduced-power round. Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Click here for gadgets and melee weapon featured in, Click here for weapon attachments featured in, Hey, A Message Board - Older Battlefield Games, https://battlefield.fandom.com/wiki/StG_44?oldid=374195. Fanart. The StG 44 was an intermediate weapon for the period; the muzzle velocity from its 419 mm (16.5 in) barrel was 685 m/s (2,247.4 ft/s), compared to 760 m/s (2,493 ft/s) of the Karabiner 98k, 744 m/s (2,440.9 ft/s) of the British Bren, 600 m/s (1,968.5 ft/s) of the M1 carbine, and 365 m/s (1,197.5 ft/s) achieved by the MP40. Hosted by Command Sergeant Major T. S. Decker (ret. It was the first select fire, intermediate cartridge, detachable magazine fed weapon. Copyright © 1996-2020 AR15.COM LLC. Argentina manufactured their own trial versions of the StG 44 made by CITEFA in the late 1940s and early 1950s,[24][25] but instead adopted the FN FAL in 1955, because it used the then more common and powerful 7.62×51mm NATO round, which also lacked connections with the Third Reich. Plenty of variants exist and are used around the world. This goal was eventually realized to be impossible; the MP 43 cartridge was too weak to fire rifle grenades, too inaccurate for sniping, and the weapon was too short for bayonet fighting. Apart from external layout similarity and the gas-operation principle, the AK-47 was not a copy of the German gun because the AK-47 used a very different mechanism. It doesn't exist officially. Contracts for rifles firing the 7.92×33mm Kurz[3] round were issued to both Walther and Haenel (whose design group was headed by Hugo Schmeisser), were asked to submit prototype weapons under the name Maschinenkarabiner 1942 ("machine carbine") or MKb 42. The standard rifle of the US military since the late 1960s. The assault rifle proved a valuable weapon, especially on the Eastern front, where it was first deployed. There is still a need for battle rifles today. Because of this, they are worried that there are too many assault weapons in the country and are using them for the wrong reasons. Full powered rifle rounds have a minimum effective range of 1000 meters. I wrote an article comparing the two back in 03-04' for Bravo Company USA. In January 1945, a magazine was introduced fitted with a fixed plug to restrict its capacity to 25 rounds. A battle rifle is a military service rifle that fires a full powered round. Variations of this rifle are used all around the world. Many of these rifles have been built or modified to support various scopes and other attachments to fill this role due to their accuracy and range. The full weight of the StG 44 with empty magazine and sling is 4.62 kg according to the original Sturmgewehr 44 (StG44) D1854/3 Manual, and each 7.92mm S.m.E. A Battle rifle and a assault rifle are two different types of firearms with many of the same characteristics and purposes. Check out Military.com's original video series today. The bent barrel attachments had very short lifespans – approx. When attacking a position, Kar 98k riflemen would use grenades against it at close-range, while StG 44 riflemen would fire in rapid semi-automatic or automatic bursts to keep the defenders suppressed. While the Sturmgewehr required specialized tooling to manufacture it, it consumed less materials and was faster and easier to make than a Kar 98k. AK-47 vs STG-44 , superior? [28], After World War II, many Western countries continued using their existing full-caliber rifles. 7 No. A primary use of the MP 44/StG 44 was to counter the Soviet PPS and PPSh-41 submachine guns, which used the 7.62×25mm Tokarev round. In April 1944, Hitler took some interest in the weapon tests and ordered the weapon (with some minor updates) to be re-designated as the MP 44. The extent to which the Sturmgewehr influenced the development of the AK-47 is not clearly known. Running for six months until September 1943, the evaluation produced positive results, and Hitler allowed the MP 43 program to continue in order to make mass production possible. After experiencing high volumes of automatic fire from these weapons, German commanders re-thought their small arms requirements. The Soviets also clearly took their “kurz” caliber idea. By 1941, it was becoming clear that action needed to be taken. [15], In 1923, the German Army set out requirements for a Gewehr 98 replacement. The reason why militaries use Assault rifles over battle rifles as their main rifle is because of their high magazine round capacity while maintaining a reasonable recoil at select fire modes. (ed. Yes the original 44 is very heavy! To keep the MKb 42(H) development program alive, the Waffenamt (Armament Office) re-designated the weapon as the Maschinenpistole 43 (MP 43) and, making a few improvements, billed the weapon as an upgrade to existing submachine guns. That fighting style was taken over by the widespread introduction of machine guns, which made use of these powerful cartridges to suppress the enemy at long range. It wasn’t until late World War II where the first official assault rifle was produced. Several attempts had been made to introduce lightweight machine guns or automatic rifles, but recoil from the powerful 7.92×57mm Mauser round was too difficult to control in automatic fire. Submachine guns, such as the MP 28, MP 38, and MP 40 were issued to augment infantry rifle use and increase individual soldiers' firepower, but lacked range and accuracy beyond 100 metres (110 yd). McPherson, M.L. The U.S. developed the concept of small-caliber, high-velocity (SCHV) bullets and further reduced the weight of their firearms with the introduction of the M16 (5.56 mm). Posted by rdalley | Feb 21, 2020 | Gun Knowledge, Know Your Weapon | 0 |. Nos partenaires et nous-mêmes stockerons et/ou utiliserons des informations concernant votre appareil, par l’intermédiaire de cookies et de technologies similaires, afin d’afficher des annonces et des contenus personnalisés, de mesurer les audiences et les contenus, d’obtenir des informations sur les audiences et à des fins de développement de produit. I'll see if I can dig it up later (two MP44s, one mag and only 60 rds). Seeing the possibility of a propaganda gain, the rifle was again renamed as the Sturmgewehr 44 (StG 44), to highlight the new class of weapon it represented. Plus, assault rifles still maintain excellent accuracy at their recommended range. [15], The German government started its own intermediate round and weapon program soon after. In this case (H) and (W) were the first initial of each guns manufacturer Haenel Waffen und Fahrradfabrik and Walther Waffenfabrik AG. Battle rifles were always the standard military weapon since firearms existed. With battle rifles firing full powered rounds while assault rifles firing intermediary powered rounds, what is the main difference between the two? The smaller brother of the G3 chambered in 5.56x45mm. The Soviet armed forces followed suit with the introduction of the SCHV AK-74 rifle (5.45 mm). The StG 44 (German: Sturmgewehr 44; English: Assault Rifle model 1944) was a German automatic rifle designed in 1942.It is considered to be the first successful and widely produced assault rifle, as it used the 7.92x33mm Kurz ("short") intermediate cartridge which allowed controllable automatic fire and offered a greater volume of fire compared to standard infantry rifles. [30][30] In 1944 the US added an automatic fire capability to the M1 carbine, and issued it as the M2 carbine with 30 round magazines, fulfilling much the same function. StG is an abbreviation of Sturmgewehr. It is also known as the MP 43 and MP 44 (Maschinenpistole 43 and 44). No doubt it provided the impetus for the Soviets to create the AK (in the same way the AK provided the motivation for the US Army to adopt the M16). Trench Carbine (BFEST), A German soldier with an StG 44 in North Africa. The Vampir had only 15 minutes of battery life, but was able to sight within 200 meters in total darkness. An AC-130 gunship and UH-60 helicopter light up the night as troops on the ground work a laser illuminator. These days, assault rifles get all the focus in the media. Two rounds that were studied were the American .30 Carbine and German 7.92 Kurz, captured from MKb 42(H) rifles undergoing troop trials. Numerous reports and company correspondence reveal frequent presentation of the rifle's stages of development to Hitler. Weapons for short-range use existed, initially semi-automatic pistols and, later, automatic submachine guns. The StG 44 was issued to all infantry soldiers and employed for accurate short-range rapid-fire shooting (similar to how the MP 18 was used when it went into service). IIRC, the Soviets entirely copied the StG-44 when they made the AS-44, a then prototype rifle using the 7.62×39 round. The Spanish CEMTE and later the HK G3 family are heavily infulenced also by the MP43/MP44/STG44 family. Fires the standard 5.56x45mm round which makes this the assault rifle version. Franchi of Italy-based the actions of both the LF-58 carbine and the LF-59 battle rifle on the StG-44.[31]. This led to extensive research into creating an intermediate round to fill this gap. The 7.62×39mm cartridge, however, was more directly influenced by the 7.92×33mm cartridge used in the StG 44. The first MP 43s were distributed to the Waffen-SS; in October 1943, some were issued to the 93rd Infantry Division on the Eastern Front. The StG 44 was the first real assault rifle, so in that sense both the M16 and AK are descendants of that same concept. ), Cite error: The named reference "Joly2006" was defined multiple times with different content (see the, Springfield Armory National Historic Site, Syrian National Coalition for Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, In final defense of the Reich: the destruction of the 6th SS Mountain Division "Nord", "Sturmgewehr: Hitler's Only True Wunderwaffe", "Svetski Rat article on postwar Yugoslavian use of StG44", "StG 44 in 5.56 and 7.62x39 On The Way – The Firearm Blog", "Assault Rifles and Their Ammunition: History and Prospects", "M16 Rifle Case Study. This was beyond the range a shooter could engage a target with open sights, as at that range a man-sized target would be completely blocked by the front sight blade. Examples also found their way into the hands of the Viet Cong during the Vietnam War, and the PLO. It changed warfare tactics and both the m4 and ak-47 are based off of it, not in design perhaps, but in employment. Towards the end of the war, there were last-ditch efforts to develop cheap so-called Volksgewehr rifles in the 7.92×33mm[3] caliber. The standard rifle for the French military. [15], In early 1918, Hauptmann (Captain) Piderit, part of the Gewehrprüfungskommission ("Small Arms Examination Committee") of the German General Staff in Berlin, submitted a paper arguing for the introduction of an intermediate round in the German Army with a suitable firearm. Hosted by Command Sergeant Major T. S. Decker (ret. Sea Domination: International Allied Carrier Strike Group Assembles. [15], Adolf Hitler eventually discovered the designation deception and halted the program again. Intermediate rifle rounds have an effective range of 300 meters. Maybe some might find it interesting. Deemed as one of the worst designated marksman rifles, the M14 has been used through various conflicts. Learn about the first official assault rifle – the STG 44.