Trump Could Try to Deport Legal Immigrants Who Get Federal Benefits ... green-card holders may become deportable as public charges only if … Don’t miss from Explained | Who is Kamala Harris, Joe Biden’s vice-president choice? The decision could affect thousands of immigrants with criminal convictions - many for minor offenses - who reside legally in the United States. There are more than 13 million legal U.S. permanent residents, also known as “green card” holders, according to the Department of Homeland Security. By May 2020, the virus—ahead of Trump's bans—had already discouraged more than 95 percent of the workers who otherwise would be entering the United States this year. Green card holders with criminal offenses will now have a harder time fighting deportation orders after the Supreme Court ruled with the Trump administration on Thursday. President Donald Trump said Tuesday his forthcoming executive order barring new immigration will apply only to people seeking green cards, last 60 … Trump’s new entry ban would not affect these visa holders. The federal government had said the rule was triggered in Barton’s case because his assault charge would bar his admission into the country, even though as of 1996 he had resided in the United States too long to be declared deportable for that crime. In what could become the latest salvo by the Trump administration targeting travel to the United States, newly proposed immigration rules may temporarily prohibit green card holders and even US citizens from entering the country, if they are suspected of being infected by the novel coronavirus. Glenn Fogle, an attorney for Barton, called the ruling “extremely disappointing” and expressed concern for his client, who has already been sent back to Jamaica. He was convicted in Georgia in 1996 of assault and possession of a firearm in an incident in which his friend shot at a house from a car he was driving. As such, the number for April 2020 showed a drop of more than 95 percent, relative to the roughly 40,000 green cards issued monthly in prior fiscal years. In 2017, immigration authorities decided Barton’s deportation could not be canceled because the 1996 assault charges triggered the stop-time rule, just months before he reached the seven-year milestone. Trump’s proclamation also bans the entry of all spouses and children of banned temporary work visa entrants, who would otherwise be able to come to the United States on J-2, L-2, and H-4 visas. In addition, the ban covers only parts of the exchange visitor (J) visa category, namely aliens participating in an internship, trainee, teacher, camp counselor, au pair, or summer work travel program, but not J visa holders coming to the United States as physicians, professors, resident scholars, short-term scholars, specialists, students, or government/international visitors. While noting that deporting a permanent resident is a “wrenching process,” conservative Justice Brett Kavanaugh, writing for the majority on Thursday, disagreed. At issue in the case was the meaning of a 1996 change - known as the “stop-time rule” - in U.S. immigration law. Given these uncertainties, and my desire to remain conservative in estimating the likely number of people affected, no separate estimate for the number of H-4 visas affected has been provided. The draft regulation seeks to empower the US government to stop its own citizens or permanent residents from entering the country, if an official “reasonably believes the individual either may have been exposed to or is infected with the communicable disease,” the NYT reported. The court ruled 5-4 to uphold a lower court decision that found a legal permanent resident from Jamaica named Andre Martello Barton ineligible to have his deportation canceled under a U.S. law that lets some longtime legal residents avoid expulsion. Barton, a 42-year-old car repair shop manager and father of four, was targeted for deportation after criminal convictions in Georgia for drug and gun crimes. The Atlanta-based 11th U.S. (AP Photo: David Zalubowski), Explained: What new lockdowns in Europe means for international air travel, Explained: Likelihood of future pandemics, their damage potential, as per a new report, The importance of the Bihar election amid Covid-19, Editorial: Bihar desperately needs jobs and incomes. This provision disqualifies immigrants who commit certain crimes from this discretionary benefit by stopping the clock on their period of continuous residency. Of the estimated 1.9 million non-citizens the government has deemed deportable based on a criminal convictions, most are legal residents or those in the country on temporary visas, according to the Migration Policy Institute, a research organization. Monthly data shown in figure 2 suggest that issuance of new green cards and temporary work visas already fell dramatically before Trump’s bans went into effect. Similarly, as shown in figure 2, the number of new temporary work visas affected by Trump’s entry ban was already down about 95 percent by May—before the ban came into effect toward the end of June—relative to issuance in prior fiscal years. 2. A limited number of H-2B visa holders also enter the United States visa-exempt from Canada each year. The ruling came a day after another immigration crackdown by Trump, who ordered a temporary block on some foreigners from permanent residence in the United States, saying he wanted to protect American workers and jobs during the coronavirus pandemic.