Arabs (caucasian) 3. Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100. 8.7% (2010 est.) Bengali is spoken by around 250 million people worldwide, predominantly in Bangladesh and India. [90] This is the highest birth rate in the UK in 40 years. This calculation includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. Since then, annual growth has declined. The Earth has a population of 7.8 billion, with an overall population density of 50 people per km 2 (129.28 per sq. For example, Cao Đài is listed because it claims to be a separate category from Buddhism, while Hòa Hảo is not, even though they are similar new religious movements. As of 2005[update], the world had 62 metropolitan areas with a population of over 3,000,000 people each. [74], Globally, the growth rate of the human population has been declining since peaking in 1962 and 1963 at 2.20% per annum. [72], According to the 2006 CIA World Factbook, around 27% of the world's population is below 15 years of age. In 2006, more than 36 millions died of hunger or diseases due to deficiencies in micronutrients". [3][4] The world's literacy rate has increased dramatically in the last 40 years, from 66.7% in 1979 to 86.3% today. According to the World Health Organization, the 10 leading causes of death in 2002 were: Causes of death vary greatly between first and third world countries. The Northern Mariana Islands have the highest female ratio with 0.77 males per female. Some Western Europe countries might also encounter negative population growth. [76] The CIA World Factbook gives the world annual birthrate, mortality rate, and growth rate as 1.915%, 0.812%, and 1.092% respectively[77] The last one hundred years have seen a rapid increase in population due to medical advances and massive increase in agricultural productivity[78] made possible by the Green Revolution. The United States, Indonesia, Brazil, and Pakistan rank between #3 and #6, and have about a billion people between them. [25], Source: Maddison and others. Informal or unorganized religions are especially difficult to count. [97], Of the roughly 150,000 people who died each day across the globe, about two thirds—100,000 per day—died of age-related causes in 2001, according to an article which counts all deaths "due to causes that kill hardly anyone under the age of 40" as age-related. [73], According to a report by the Global Social Change Research Project, worldwide, the percent of the population age 0–14 declined from 34% in 1950 to 27% in 2010. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline, See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy. Both overall population numbers and the proportion residing in cities are expected to increase significantly in the coming decades. (University of Groningen).[26]. 125, Indian Registrar General & Census Commissioner. [79][80][81], The actual annual growth in the number of humans fell from its peak of 88.0 million in 1989, to a low of 73.9 million in 2003, after which it rose again to 75.2 million in 2006. The urban population jumped from 29% in 1950 to 55.3% in 2018. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of, The Monaco government uses a smaller surface area figure resulting in a population density of 18,078 per km, Kettani, H. (2014). Hindustani is spoken by about 370 to 420 million speakers, mostly in India and Pakistan. Homo sapiens appear to have occupied all of Africa about 300,000 years ago, moved out of Africa 50,000 – 60,000 years ago, and had spread across Australia, Asia and Europe by 30,000 years BC. Since 1800, the human population has increased from one billion[21] to over seven billion,[22] In 2004, some 2.5 billion out of 6.3 billion people (39.7%) lived in urban areas. The number of people who consider themselves party to a "folk tradition" is impossible to determine. 96% of the urban population has access to improved drinking water, while only 78% of rural inhabitants have improved drinking water. Early human settlements were dependent on proximity to water and, depending on the lifestyle, other natural resources used for subsistence. Historical migration of human populations begins with the movement of Homo erectus out of Africa across Eurasia about a million years ago. [98][better source needed] In industrialized nations, the proportion was even higher according to that article, reaching 90%. Various fertility factors may be involved, such as education and urbanization. However, in countries like Iran where contraception was made artificially affordable before the economy accelerated, birth rate also rapidly declined. Arabic is spoken by around 280 million people. France has a birth rate of 12.8 per cent while Sweden is at 12.3 per cent. In February 2008, the U.N. estimated that half the world's population would live in urban areas by the end of the year. [91] Birth rates also vary within the same geographic area, based on different demographic groups. The Greater Mumbai urban agglomeration is defined by the municipal corporations of Greater Mumbai, Kalyan-Dombivali, Navi Mumbai, Thane and Ulhasnagar, plus the municipal councils of Ambarnath, Badlapur and Mira-Bhayandar. If Antarctica is also excluded, then population density rises to 50 people/km2 (130 people/sq mi). Nearly two-thirds of the world's population lives in Asia, with more than 2.7 billion in the countries of China and India combined. An estimate released in July 2015 suggested that the population of Georgia had risen to 10,214,860. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent. There are numerous other languages, grouped into nine major families: There are also hundreds of non-verbal sign languages. View live population, charts & trends: Population of the World, A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. High birth rates can cause stress on the government welfare and family programs to support a youthful population. United States, Australia, Europe, Canada. Historically, the Baháʼí Faith arose in 19th century Persia, in the context of. This effect may be caused by emigration and higher male mortality as result of higher post-Soviet era deaths; it may also be related to the enormous (by western standards) rate of alcoholism in the former Soviet states. While, Islam however has gained considerably in the Soviet Unions former republics in Central Asia. As you will see the pie chart only mentions percentages of the world's population whose religiously related self-admission places them in each category. [15] In 2009, the estimated annual growth rate was 1.1%. If similar increases continue to occur, then the number of people living in Mississippi may soon surpass 3 million.. At the time of the Census, the population was recorded as 2,967,297. The Earth has a population of 7.8 billion, with an overall population density of 50 people per km2 (129.28 per sq. [71], The average age of marriage varies greatly from country to country and has varied through time. (editor), The Religions of the World: Understanding the Living Faiths, Marshall Editions Limited: USA (1993); pg. Fertility rates are also higher due to the lack of access to contraceptives, generally lower levels of female education, and lower rates of female employment in industry. The 2001 Census of India had 8.4 million Jains. As of 2009, there are an estimated 33.3 million people living with HIV/AIDS, which is approximately 0.8% of the world population, and there have been an estimated 1.8 million deaths attributed to HIV/AIDS. Indian subcontinent, Australasia, Northern America, Southeast Asia, the United Kingdom and Western Europe. In Southern Africa, growth is slowing due to the high number of HIV-related deaths. In undeveloped countries on the other hand, families desire children for their labour and as caregivers for their parents in old age. Some countries with a historically large Christian population have experienced a significant decline in the numbers of professed active Christians: see demographics of atheism. Many Jains do not return Jainism as their religion on census forms for various reasons such as certain Jain castes considering themselves both Hindu and Jain. [89] In July 2011, the UK's Office for National Statistics (ONS) announced a 2.4% increase in live births in the UK in 2010 alone. The advent of agriculture prompted the Neolithic Revolution, when access to food surplus led to the formation of permanent human settlements. For example, in April 2011, the U.S. CDC announced that the birth rate for women over the age of 40 in the U.S. rose between 2007 and 2009, while it fell among every other age group during the same time span. The value for the entire world population is 1.02 males/female,[106] with 1.07 at birth, 1.06 for those under 15, 1.02 for those between 15 and 64, and 0.78 for those over 65. [6] The world's largest ethnic group is Han Chinese, with Mandarin being the world's most spoken language in terms of native speakers.