The messenger god has few parallels in other Indo-European myths, so it is likely that this was a uniquely Greek creation. Paul was the "chief speaker" (Acts 14:11), they What did Fred Hoyle and Charles Darwin admit about their Perun, the Slavic thunder god who owned the cattle in that myth, has obvious similarities to Zeus. Paul and Barnabas finally realize what is going on they attempt to calm the crowd (verse 14-18). Hermes was therefore more closely linked to his father than many of Zeus’s other children were in their own legends. As a result, Paul and Barnabas do not know what is going on! Greek mythology, however, emphasized the relationships between the gods more strongly. While these tricksters eventually earned the enmity of the ruling sky gods, however, Hermes won the love of Zeus because of his dual role as both trickster and messenger. hearts with food and gladness" (Acts 14:17). people? Lystra was an important Roman colony, having been established by Augustus in 26 B.C. together perfectly over the middle of the river, did that bridge arise by Did the Lycaonians listen to Paul? It was the way to express extreme outrage and anguish back then. Barnabas is called Zeus (or Jupiter, Latin, KJV), Zeus was the “father” of the gods. On his first night of life, the infant god snuck out of his mother’s home and began to immediately cause mischief. The Slavic god Veles was even more similar to Hermes, a trickster connected to the Underworld who stole the cattle of the thunder god, Perun. Perhaps this is a hint that out best efforts to engage culture will encounter “great difficulty.”  However, this is no reason to give up on that engagement. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! - Revelation 13:16-18. For Hermes, a friendly, likable young god, became the patron not only of travelers and merchants, but of thieves and rogues as well. Later Paul speaks to a pagan crowd in Acts 17, but in that context the crowd is rather intellectual and philosophical. How Zeus and his swift-footed son came to be so closely linked is due to the unique role Hermes played. In the Odyssey, Hermes works both of his own accord and on his father’s commands to assist Odysseus. The tradition of casted newer gods as the children of more established deities was common in Greek mythology, and the ties suggested by Hermes’s dual roles made Zeus the most obvious choice of parent. No more praying to Asclepius, the god of healing, when they are sick. This speech does not have the desired effect: the crowd still wanted to sacrifice to Paul and Barnabas as gods. It is unlikely that the Stoic and Epicureans on Mars Hill would have participated in this sort of thing! Why did they call Paul, Hermes and Barnabas, Zeus, and not vice versa? What is Paul's message to the Lycaonians of Lystra? Paul is not seeker-sensitive, nor does he embrace their culture in order to preach the gospel, and in no way does Paul weaken the Gospel before this pagan crowd. Paul’s sermon will therefore need to be much different than what we read in Acts 13. As Baucis prepared the meal, there was plenty of food and the wine kept “welling up of itself.”  The couple became greatly afraid because of the miracle, so the gods revealed themselves and told them that they were the only people to welcome them; they would be blessed while the whole region was destroyed. Face with a potentially hostile pagan crowd, Paul does not give up on the biblical story in this sermon. Schnabel points out that this means that the people of Lystra ought to no longer prayer to Tychos, the god of luck, before tossing the dice. Among the many inscriptions associated with Lystra is a dedication to Zeus of a statue of Hermes. The theft and role of messenger show two different archetypes that combined, uniquely, in Hermes. The local Zeus was known as Zeus Ampelites and was pictured as an elderly man with a beard, accompanied by Hermes, a young male assistant (The krater to the left depicts Zeus and Hermes in this way, althoug it dates to about 450 B.C.) Hermes was the messenger of the gods, Paul is given this name because he was the chief spokesperson. The local Zeus was known as Zeus Ampelites and was pictured as an elderly man with a beard, accompanied by Hermes, a young male assistant (The krater to the left depicts Zeus and Hermes in this way, although it dates to about 450 B.C.) Cyllene was reputed to be his … He offered Hermes a place of honor at Olympus, which the thrill-seeking young god greatly preferred over his mother’s quiet rural cave. Daniel 1:8-16 - What was Wrong with the King’s Food? The crowd prepared to worship them. No more praying to Artemis, the goddess of childbirth, for the protection of a mother and child before a birth. For this list, I am following Eckhard Schnabel, Paul the Missionary, 164-6. There are several things we need to see in this sermon. First, Paul states emphatically that the gods worshiped in Lystra are worthless (14:15). What did Fred Hoyle and Charles Darwin admit about their "useless" (Acts 14:15) idols. He welcomed his son, despite the fact that he was a mischievous thief, to Mount Olympus and appointed him as his herald to keep him occupied and take advantage of his speed. He welcomed his son, despite the fact that he was a mischievous thief, to Mount Olympus and appointed him as his herald to keep him occupied and take advantage of his speed. His dissertation was published as Jesus the Bridegroom by Pickwick Books in 2012. In their idolatry, Hermes was the messenger of Zeus. Since the Lycaonians As Zeus was the chief god of the pantheon, Hermes the messenger would carry his words across the world and into other realms. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window).